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英语强档:2011届澳门新威尼斯人网址名校模拟分类汇编之阅读理解篇(5)


英语强档:2011届澳门新威尼斯人网址名校模拟分类汇编之阅读理解篇(5) (附答案)
71. 江西九江一中高三年级开学摸底英语试卷 第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每题2分,满分40分) A It was graduation day at the university where I work and a beautiful day quite unlike the first graduation I attended as a young professor. On that cold day years ago, as we watched the students walking into the hall, one of my colleagues turned to me and said . "Graduation will be one of the happiest and one of the saddest time of your life." At my inquiry, he answered, "Because the students you have gotten to know have to leave." As years went by, my previous confusion about my colleague's words no longer existed. When I came across naughty students, I have had to rethink why I chose to be a teacher. It obviously isn't the money. Once a former computer science student of mine called me, asking me if I wanted to have a change. He was working at Nintendo Corporation. His salary was higher than my current one, though I have more education and have worked for over a decade. With my programming skills, he said he could get me hired. I thanked him, but declined his kind offer. A few days before this current graduation, while working on final grades. I found a note a student had slipped in with her homework. She thanked me for being her teacher and said the things she had learned in my class-not about math, but about life-would be things she would remember long after the math skills had faded away. As I finished reading, I remembered why I had become a teacher. Now, on this sunny graduation day, as I again observed the sea of blue hats and gowns, I did so with renewed dedication and a deeper sense of satisfaction - I will always be grateful that I am a teacher. 56. How did the author feel when he heard his colleague's description of graduation for the first time? A. He quite agreed with his colleague. C. He thought it very funny. B. He was very puzzled.

D. He was very sad.

57. The computer science student called up the author because he ___________. A. wanted to inform the author of his present job B. thought the author wasn't fit to be a teacher

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C. wanted the author to share his joy and satisfaction D. tried to persuade the author to work with him 58. What does the underlined part "blue hats and gowns" in the last paragraph refer to? A. University colleagues C. Graduates' clothes. B. Life memories. D. Decorations in the hall.

59. The author wrote the passage to _________. A. express his devotion to being a teacher C. talk about the meaning of graduation B A new study suggests that the more teenagers watch television , the more likely they are to develop depression (抑郁)as young adults. But the extent to which TV may or may not be to blame is a question that the study leaves unanswered. The researchers used a national long-term survey of adolescent health to investigate the relationship between media use and depression . They based their findings on more than four thousand adolescents who were not depressed when the survey began in 1995. As part of the survey, the young people were asked how many hours of television or videos they watched daily. They were also asked how often they played computer games and listened to the radio. Media use totaled an average of five and one-half hours a day. More than two hours of that was spent watching TV. Seven years later, in 2002, more than seven percent of the young people had signs of depression. Their average age at that time was twenty-one. Brian Primack at the University of Pittsburgh Medical School was the leading author of the new study . He said every extra hour of television meant an eight percent increase in the chances of developing signs of depression. The researchers say they did not find any such relationship with the use of other media such as movies, video games or radio. But the study did find that young men were more likely than young women to develop depression given the same amount of media use. Doctor Primack says the study did not explore if watching TV causes depression . The study was just published in the Archives of General Psychiatry. In December, the journal
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B. compare two different graduation ceremonies D. give-advice on how to be a good teacher

Social Indicators Research published a study of activities that help lead to happy lives. Sociologists from the University of Maryland found that people who describe themselves as happy spend less time watching television than unhappy people. The study found that happy people are more likely to be socially active, to read, to attend religious services and to vote. 60.The average age of the depressed young people should be______when they began to receive the survey. A.21 B.15 C.14 D.20 61.According to the passage, which of the following can possibly lead to depression? A.Swimming B.Attending a party C.Attending religious services D.Watching TV for a long time. 62.We can learn from the passage __________ . A.the survey lasted a short time B.over 280 teenagers who received the survey became more or less depressed in 2002 C.men are more likely to become depressed than women D.the study about the relationship between media use and depression was published in the journal Social Indicators Research 63.What is the best title for the passage? A.Teens, television, depression B.Depression-the common problem of teens C.Problems of watching TV D.Teens-a group enjoying watching TV C Some people worry about being the target of laughter. These people are frightened. They suffer from an emotional disorder called gelotophobia. That long name comes from the Greek language. The word Gelos means laugh, while phobia means fear.
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Victor Rubio is an expert on human behavior at the Autonomous University of Madrid. He says people laugh at others for many different reasons. He says being laughed at causes a fear response in the victim. That fear leads the victim to avoid social situations. Sadly, gelotophobia limits the way they lead their lives. Victor Rubio was among researchers in a huge international study about laughter. The researchers wanted to understand the difference between normal shyness and true gelotophobia. Another goal was to measure the fear of being laughed at within different cultures. A team from the University of Zurich led ninety-three researchers from many countries in search of answers. The researchers surveyed more than twenty-two thousand people. They used questions provided in forty-two languages. Their findings were reported in the scientific publication Humor. Some of the people questioned said they felt unsure of themselves in social situations. But they hid their feelings. Others said they avoided social situations where they had been laughed at before. People also admitted to differing levels of fear that they themselves were the targets of other people's laughter. The researchers measured and compared all these reactions. Fear of being laughed at, being made fun of, is a common emotion. But the researchers learned that these feelings differed from nation to nation. For example, the study found that people in Turkmenistan and Cambodia are likely to hide insecure (不安) feelings when they are around others' laughter. But people in Iraq, Egypt and Jordan who feel they have been victims before may avoid such situations. People in Finland were the least likely to believe that people laughing in their presence were making fun of them. Only eight and a half percent of Finns said they would - compared to eighty percent of those questioned in Thailand. 64. The passage is mainly about______________. A. C. a common emotion shyness B. laughter D. gelotophobia

65. In which country are people most likely to avoid social situations where they have been laughed at before? A. Turkmenistan B. Iraq C. Finland D. Thailand

66. According to the text the following is true EXCEPT that ________.
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A. people suffer from gelotophobia because they are shy B. C. D. not all the people questioned hid their feelings in social situations perhaps Humor is a magazine people in Finland are the least likely to suffer from gelotophobia

67. A person who suffers from gelotophobia will probably ______. A. C. be active in social activities like to laugh at others B. be easily laughed at D. like to stay alone D In 1957 a doctor in Singapore noticed that hospitals were treating an unusual number of influenza-like cases. Influenza is sometimes called ‘flu’ or a ‘bad cold’. He took samples from the throats of patients and in his hospital was able to find the virus of this influenza. There were three main types of the influenza virus. The most important of these are type A and B, each of them having several subgroups. With the instruments at the hospital the doctor recognized that the outbreak was due to a virus in group A, but he did not know the subgroup. Then he reported the outbreak to the World Health Organization in Geneva. W.H.O. published the important news alongside reports of a similar outbreak in Hong Kong, where about 15-20% of the population had become ill. As soon as the London doctors received the package of throat samples, doctors began the standard tests. They found that by reproducing itself with very high speed, the virus had grown more than a million times within two days. Continuing their careful tests, the doctors checked the effect of drugs against all the known subgroups of virus type A. none of them gave any protection. This ,then, was something new, a new influenza virus, against which the people of the world had no help whatever. Having found the virus they were working with, the two doctors now dropped it into the noses of some specially selected animals, which get influenza much as human beings do. In a short time the usual signs of the disease appeared. These experiments proved that the new virus was easy to catch, but that it was not a killer. Scientists, like the general public, call it simply Asian flu. The first discovery of the virus, however, was made in China before the disease had appeared in other countries. Various reports showed that the influenza outbreak started in China, probably in February of 1957. by the middle of March it had spread all over China. The virus was found by
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Chinese doctors early in March. But China is not a member of the World Health Organization and therefore does not report outbreaks of disease to it. Not until two months later, when travelers carried the virus into Hong Kong, from where it spread to Singapore, did the news of the outbreak reach the rest of the world. By this time it was well started on its way around the world. Thereafter, WHO.’s Weekly Reports described the steady spread of this great virus outbreak, which within four months swept through every continent. 68. The doctor in Singapore performed a valuable service by ______. A. finding the subgroup of the virus. B. developing a cure. C. keeping his patients apart from others. D. reporting the outbreak to Geneva. 69. One interesting thing about the virus in the story was that it __. A. was especially weak. B. was similar to other viruses. C. could reproduce with great speed. D. had samples frozen and packed in dry ice. 70. The experiments in giving the virus to animals proved that this type of influenza was easy to catch __________. A. but was not deadly. B. and had rather mild effects. C. and could possibly causes death. D. and did not have the usual signs. 71. In order to keep track of a disease such as influenza, W.H.O. must have ________. A. highly trained experts. B. co-operation from every doctor. C. good reporting services. D. time to study the facts. E Thousands of people in the world are a hundred years old-or more and certain parts of the world are famous for the long lives of their inhabitants: the Vilacamba Valley in Ecuador, and the
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home of the Hunzas in the Himalayas. Why do so many people live to a healthy old age in certain parts of the world? What is the secret of their long lives? Three things seem to be very important: fresh air, fresh food and a simple way of life.People work near their homes in the clean mountain air instead of travelling long distances to work by bus, car or train.They do not sit all day in busy offices or factories, but work hard outdoors in the fields.They take more exercise and eat less food than people in the cities of the West. years the Hunzas of the Himalayas did not need policemen, lawyers or doctors. For There was no crime, no divorce and not much illness in their society. They were a happy, peaceful people, famous all over India for their long, healthy lives. Do you want to live to a hundred years old? Here are some rules for success.Firstly, choose your parents and grandparents carefully. they lived or live to a good old age, so will you. If Secondly, live in the right place.Thirdly, choose the right kind of job.Doctors, dentists and bus-drivers die young.Farmers, priests and orchestral conductors live much longer.If you are in the wrong kind of job, you can still improve your way of life. An old man in the Caucasus was talking about his past life."I was young then," he said, as he described his 87th year.His secret was: "Think young and stay young." An old woman from Missouri, USA, gave this advice, "Drink a little whisky and some warm beer every day." An English lady just said, "Take a cold bath every morning." The shortest, simplest piece of advice came from Mr.Jim Chapman, aged 103."Just keep breathing," he told reporters. 72.Who is most likely to live a long life? A.A doctor. B.A bus-driver. C.A dentist. D.An orchestral conductor. 73.We can see from the passage that long-lived people avoid ____. A.working hard C.eating too much B.drinking D.taking cold baths

74.The passage indicates that we can change our _____to live a long life. A.jobs B.places of living C.ways of living D.ways of thinking

75.What is mainly talked about in the last paragraph? A.Whose advice is the best. B.Who is the most long-lived person in the world. C.Lifestyles of long-lived people.
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D.How long-lived people think of their life. 72. 昆明一中 2011 届高三年级第二次月考 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A I had this exchange with my 6-year-old last week. Him: Mom, we have to start buying Danimals. Me: Why? Him: So, I can bring it to |school for lunch.It's yogurt . Me: Why do you want it so badly? Him: Because Danimals i|s giving away five fantastic Caribbean vacations. I had to explain that there was little chance that he would win a vacation.It's a strategy used to encourage kids to beg for artificially-colored (人工着色的) yogurt that costs a lot. Marketing follows my kids —and yours—wherever they go . It comes via TV commercials. Store displays and websites are also constantly selling at our kids .But the most powerful means in kids" lives is the presence of licensed characters on every product imaginable. Children can begin their day in character clothing.There's even character -themed wall paint available.A breakfast in a character bowl can be followed by a character toothbrush and character toothpaste(牙膏), character soap and shampoo, and a character wash cloth and towel .Then, they can put on character clothing and character shoes. Check that, character clock on the wall: Is it time for characier-shaped fruit snacks yet? Surround kids with enough of the characters and they'll come to believe they need them. Most of us, of course, don't buy all those items.But say no to four products out of five and your home can still get filled with these tiny items encouraging brand loyalty (品牌忠诚) At this time of year, parents buy licensed school supplies.With so much marketing around us, it can be tough to stop the tide. "One thing that helps parents'is that they can talk to other parents about, this kind of thing," Linn suggested ."If you decide you want to buck this, it helps to find other people who will do the same thing .That way, if your child says."Everyone's doing it," you can really have a sense of whether everyone is." |
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36.From the dialogue between the author and the son, we can infer that ____A.the son likes drinking yogurt a lot. B.buying Danimals may win a free tour C.the son's school encourages kids to eat yogurt D.Danimals in the most popular yogurt among kids. 37.We can learn from th^ passage that '

A.character bowls increase kids' appetite. B.character-themed wall paint is expensive C.household goods are becoming the target of advertisers. D.Linn considered character-themed products a foolish marketing strategy. 38.The underlined word "buck" in the last paragraph probably means _____. A.support B.resist C.advertise D.learn

39.What does the passage mainly tell us ? . A.Marketing is affecting kids all the time. B.Most kids now don't have a happy childhood, C.Kids like buying licensed school supplies a lot. D.Licensed character produce are doing great harm to kids. B At IRA’s annual research conference, held each year immediately prior to the annual convention, researchers and practitioners have an opportunity to share information about research-based best practices in reading education. The research conference is an important opportunity for educators whose primary responsibility is providing pre-service and in-service education in reading and literacy

Program Reading research 2007 will feature four distinct lines: beginning reading, comprehension, teacher preparation, and adolescent literacy. Get program details. The keynote speaker will be Donald J. Leu, holder of the John and Maria Neag Endowed Chair of Literacy and Technology |at the University of Connecticut. New this year, the 2007 IRA research award winners will be honored at a special Research
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Awards Luncheon during this conference and dissertation finalists will display their poster presentations Registration Prepaid registration is now open. The prepaid registration deadline is April 9,2007. Please note: Registration for the Saturday Reading Research Conference is limited, and we encourage attendees to take advantage of the savings and convenience of registering in advance. If there is additional space available on the day of the conference, only cash or checks will be accepted on site in Toronto. Conference registration includes a continental breakfast, lunch, and a closing wine and cheese reception. You can register online or by using the Convention Prepaid Registration Form from the December/January and the February/March issues of Reading Today or from the Preliminary Program, There will be no telephone registrations. Questions about registration should be directed to customerservice@ reading, org. Please note: Separate registrations are required for the Annual Convention, the Sunday Institutes, and the Saturday Research Conference! Other information For information on travel and housing, visit the annual convention area. For further information on this conference,, contact the Research and 'Policy Division, international Reading Association, 800 Barksdale Road, PO Box 8139, Newark, DE 19714-8139, USA. E-mail; gkeating@reading.org. Telephone: 302-731-1600, ext. 226. 40.What is this passage mainly about? A.The registration information for IRA's annual research conference. B.Pre-service and in-service education in reading and literacy. C.Reading Research 20C 7. D.Convention Prepaid Registration Form. 41.Which of the following is true? A.Practitioners have no opportunity to attend the conference. B.The 2007 conference v/ill be held at the University of Connecticut. C.Attendees can make a phone call to register. D.Attendees can take the separate registrations.
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42.What is new for 2p07 IRA annual research conference? A.The keynote speaker will be Donald J.Leu. B.IRA research award winners will be honored at a special-Research Awards Luncheon. C.Attendees will visit the annual convention area. D.Conference registration includes a continental breakfast, lunch, and a.closing wine and cheese reception. C When an emergency situation occurs, observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses.This phenomenon is referred to as the bystander effect. The bystander effect is also called the Genovese effect, which was named after Catherine Kitty Genovese, a.young woman who was murdered on March 13, 1964.Early in the morning, 28-year-old Genovese was returning home from work.As she approached her apartment entrance, she was attacked and stabbed(刺)by a man later identified as Winston Moseley.Despite Genovese]s repeated cries for help , none of the dozen or so people in the nearby apartment building who heard her cries called the police for help .The attach first began at 3:20 , but it was not until 3:50 that someone first contacted the police. There are two major factors that contribute to the bystander effect.First, the presence of other people creates a diffusion(分散)of responsibility.Because there are other observers, individuals do not feel as much pressure to take action, since the responsibility to take action is thought to be shared among all of those present. The second reason is the need to behave in correct and socially acceptable ways.When other observers fail to react, individuals often take this as a signal that a response is not needed or not appropriate.Other researchers have found that onlookers are less likely to take action if the situation, is ambiguous^ R^E^?) In the case of Kitty Genovese, many of the 38 witnessing reported . that they believed that they were witnessing a " lovers' quarrel" , and did not realize that the young woman was actually being murdered. 43.The passage seems to suggest that Genovese might not have been murdered if there had
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been_____. A.no observer C.more observers . 44.Genovese was murdered A.while she was going out C.halfway home B.fewer observers D.younger observers . B.in her apartment D.in front of her apartment ?

45.The underlined word "this" in the last paragraph probably refers to ____. A.not doing anything to help C.taking action B.behaving in correct ways D.murdering

46.We can learn from the passage that Genovese's neighbors didn't lend a hand partly because they ____. A.were afraid of being attacked by the murderer B.thought someone else might come to her rescue. C.didn't get along well with her D.were sure it was murdering D In the late nineteenth century, ^5,000 pianos were sold in the United States each year and, with over half a million youths learning to play the instrument, there was a huge demand for sheet music (活页乐谱) Indeed the demand was so huge that publishers rushed to enter the profitable . market.During the last fifteen years of the century, many publishers began to set up shops in New York, the center for the production of the musical arts By the turn of the nineteenth century many important publishers had their offices on 28 th Street between Broadway and 5th Avenue, and this Is the area that became known as Tin Pan Alley.It was here that publishers adopted new, aggressive business practices and marketing techniques to achieve great sales. How it became to be known by that name is unclear, but the general opinion is that it is down to a visiting journalist by the name of Monroe Rosenfeld.He described the area as being drowned in the noise coming from the producers' offices, sounding as though hundreds of people were hitting tin pans(锡锅) .He used it several times in his newspaper articles in the early twentieth
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century and the term stuck.With time this name was popularly embraced and many years later it came to describe the U.S.music publishing industry in general. The start of Tin Pan Alley is usually dated to about 1885,.but the end of Tin Pan Alley is less clear-cut .Some date it to the start of the Great.Depression in the 1930s when the phonograph (留声机) and radio replaced sheet music, as the driving force of American popular music, while others consider Tin Pan Alley to have continued into thel950s when earlier styles of American popular music were upstaged (抢风头) by the rise of rock & roll. There's a plaque(纪念匾牌)on the sidewalk on 28th Street in honor of the influence of Tin Pan Alley on American popular culture, but the buildings that were home to the legendary Tin Pan Alley publishers and songwriters are up for sale and may be torn down to make room for modern high-rise buildings. 47.What.is the passage mainly about ? A.American popular music. B.Tin Pan Alley's future。 C.American music Industry. D.The history of Tin Pan Alley. 48.In the early 20th century.Tin Pan Alley was used to refer to ____. A.the American popular culture. C.the American rock-music center B.the American printing media D.the American music publishing industry.

49.In the nineteenth century, the driving force of American popular music was:____. A.rock & roll C.country music B.sheet music D.phonographs and radios

50.When visiting Tin Pan Alley , Rosenfeld probably felt it was ____. A.very noisy B.very quiet C.wide D.narrow

51.We can learn from the passage that ______. A.the term " Tin Pan Alley" was perhaps first used by Rosenfeld. B.the old shops of Tin Pan Alley will be well protected. C.Tin Pan Alley got its name in the early nineteenth century. D.there were once some factories in Tin Pan Alley
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E PLAYA GRANDE, COSTA RICA? This resort town was long known for Leatherback Sea Turtle (棱 皮龟) National Park, nightly turtle beach tours and even a sea turtle museum.However, on a beach where dozens of turtles used to nest on a given night , scientists spied only 32 国 leatherbac,ks all of last year. With leatherbacks threatened with extinction (灭绝), Playa Grande's turtle museum was abandoned three years ago and now sits among a sea of weeds.And the beachside ticket office for turtle tours was washed away by a high tide in September."We do not promote that 'as a turtle tourism destination anymore because we realize there are far too few turtles to please,” said Alvaro Fonseca, a park ranger (管理员) . Even before scientists found temperatures going up over the past decade, sea turtles were threatened by beach development, drift net fishing and Costa Ricans' interest in eating turtle eggs. climate change may cause the most serious harm to an animal that has lived in the Pacific Btu for 150 million years. Sea turtles are sensitive to numerous effects of warming.They feed on reefs, which are dying in hotter seas.They lay eggs on beaches that are being covered by rising seas and more violent waves. More uniquely their gender (性别) determined, not by genes but by the egg's temperature is during development.Small rises in beach temperatures can result in ail-female populations, obviously problematic for survival.If the sand around the eggs hits30 degrees Celsius, the gender balance shits to females: at about 32 degrees they are all female.Above 34, you get boiled eggs. On some nesting beaches, scientists are artificially cooling nests with shade or irrigation and trying to protect broader areas of coastal property from development to ensure that turtles have a place to nest as the seas rise.

52.Why does the resort: town stop promoting its turtle tourism? A.It decides not to disturb the turtles' normal life. B.Tourists have lost interest in watching turtles. C.There are only very few turtles now.
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D.The turtle museum was destroyed by a high tide. 53.Which of the following is the major factor in the turtles endangerment? A.The local's eating habit. C.Beach development B.Drift net fishing D.Global warming

54.We learn from the last paragraph that scientists ____. A. .are doing research on the sea rise. B.are moving turtles to new homes C.are protecting turtles' nests D.are getting rid of sea weeds. 55.The passage intends to ____. A.introduce a special kind of sea turtle B.explain the mystery of turtles' eggs C.show the dangers a certain kind of turtle is facing D.attract more visitors to a sea turtle museum 36-40BCBAA 41-45DBBDA 46-50BDDBA 51-55 ACDCC 73. 2010-2011 学年第一学期浙江钱高、灵二高联考试卷 第一节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A Where you save your money often depends on what you are saving for.If you are saving to buy a dictionary or go to a concert, then you will probably keep your money somewhere in your room.
[

If you are saving for a big purchase like a mountain bike or a school trip, where would you save your money? One place to save money is the bank.Putting your money in a savings account will help your money earn more money.If you put your money in a piggy bank(猪形储蓄罐), one year later you’ll still have the same amount of money you put in.If you put your money in a savings account, one year later, you’ll have more money than you put in.Why? When you keep your money in a bank, your money earns interest.Interest is the amount of money a bank pays you to use your money.The bank uses your money (and the money of other
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people, too) to loan money to people and businesses. The bank will send you a statement several times a year. bank statement tells you how much A money there is in your account.It also tells you how much interest you have earned.If you leave money in the bank, you can watch it grow. Another way you can save money is to buy a certificate of deposit or CD.If you have some money that you don’t need to use for a long time, this is a good way to make your money grow. You can buy a CD at a bank.You agree not to use the money for a certain period of time.That period might be from six months to five years.You can not touch your money during that time.If you do, you must pay a penalty(违约金), or fee. Since the bank is using your money for that time period, it will pay you interest.You will earn more interest with a CD than a savings account.Can you guess why? It’s because you promise to leave your money in the bank for a certain period of time.Banks pay different rates of interest.So, you may want to compare rates in newspaper ads before buying a CD. 41.Which way will help your money earn more money? A.Putting your money in your room. C.Putting your money in your pocket. B.Putting your money in a piggy bank. D.Putting your money in a savings account.

42.Interest is the amount of money which ____. A.a bank lends to people C.a bank pays you 43.A bank statement tells you ____. A.the amount of money you have in the bank B.the current rates of interest C.the current rates of exchange D.the best way to save your money 44.The underlined word “touch” in paragraph 5 could be best replaced by ____. A.deposit B.borrow C.use B An old problem is getting new attention in the United States—bullying. Recent cases included the tragic case of a fifteen-year-old girl whose family moved from Ireland. She hanged herself in Massachusetts in January following months of bullying. Her parents criticized her school for failing
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B.a bank loans to businesses D.a bank uses

D.cash

to protect her. Officials have brought criminal charges against several teenagers.

]

Judy Kuczynski is president of an anti-bullying group called Bully Police USA. Her daughter Tina was the victim of severe bullying starting in middle school in the state of Minnesota. She said, "Our daughter was a very outgoing child. She was a bubbly personality, very involved in all kinds of things, had lots of friends. And over a period of time her grades fell completely. She started having health issues. She couldn't sleep. She wasn't eating. She had terrible stomach pains. She started clenching her jaw and grinding her teeth at night. Didn't want to go to school." Bullying is defined as negative behavior repeated over time against the same person. It can involve physical violence. Or it can be verbal — for example, insults or threats. Spreading lies about someone or excluding a person from a group is known as social or relational bullying. And now there is cyber bullying, which uses the Internet, e-mail or text messages. It has easy appeal for the bully because it does not involve face-to-face contact and it can be done at any time. The first serious research studies into bullying were done in Norway in the late 1970s. The latest government study in the United States was released last year. It found that about one-third of students age twelve to eighteen were bullied at school. Susan Sweater is a psychologist at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and co-director of the Bullying Research Network. She says schools should treat bullying as a mental health problem to get bullies and victims the help they need. She says bullying is connected to depression, anxiety and anti-social behavior, and bullies are often victims themselves. 45.From the case of Tina, we can know that A.bullying is rare C.schools are to blame 46.Which of the following is NOT bullying? A.To beat someone repeatedly. annoying C.To isolate someone from friends. 47.Why is cyber bullying appealing to the bully? A.Because it can involve more people. C.Because it is more convenient. 48.According to Susan Sweater, .
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. B.victims suffered a lot D.personalities are related

B . To call someone nick names which are

D.To refuse to help someone in need.

B.Because it can create worse effects. D.Because it can avoid cheating.

A.bullies are anti-social C.students are not equally treated

B.bullies should give victims help D.bullies themselves also need help

49.Which of the following can be the best title of the text? A.Bullying— an Irish Girl Committed Suicide B.15-Year-Old Irish Girl Committed Suicide C.Cyber bullying-Taking Off in Schools D.How to Find Bullying among Teens C The cane toad(癞蛤蟆)was introduced to northern Queensland 70 years ago to control sugarcane beetles (甘蔗害虫).But the toads failed in that duty and spread across Queensland and into neighboring northern areas. Now it calmly invades the states of Western Australia and New South Wales (NSW). NSW wildlife experts fear the amphibians -- which have poisonous backs that kill hungry predators(食肉 动物) -- will have a terrible effect on native animals. Those fears may be about to be realized. Australia's Commonwealth Science and Industry Research Organization (CSIRO), predicts that a rise in average temperatures will make NSW an ideal living place for the cane toads. Tony Robinson, head 0f CSIRO, said, “Climate change is increasing the amount of suitable living place for the cane toads. With climate change, the cane toads might go down as far as Sydney and some areas of Western Australia,” Robinson also noted, “More southerly cities, such as Melbourne and Adelaide, would likely remain too cold and dry to ever suit the toads, but Perth could expect cane toads in five years time. Sydney could see their arrival in the next 20 years.” The cane toads already cover at least half of Queensland and most of the northern country. A new virus was tried in the 1990s but was given up after it was found to also kill native frogs. Scientists believe a national approach is needed. The main threat the toads cause to species such as dingoes, and crocodiles is the poison contained in their bodies. The poison sprays out when the toads are threatened or handled roughly and it is made up of 14 different chemicals. Cane toads also compete, and usually win the hunt for food and living space.
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50. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A. Poison Toads Is Covering Australia C. The Main Threat the Cane Toads Cause B. Ways to Keep the Toads under Control D. Climate Favors the Spread of Cane Toads

51. It can be learnt from the passage that __________. A. the cane toads are strong enough to kill dingoes or even crocodiles B. the cane toads were taken to Australia 70 years ago to kill pests C. the cane toads move westward and northward because there is plenty of food D. with 14 different kinds of poisons in its body, a cane toad usually wins the hunt for food 52. The underlined words “the amphibians” in the second paragraph refer to ___________. A. hungry predators B. sugarcane beetles C. the cane toads D. dingoes

53. According to the passage, the cane toad is the least likely to live in ____________. A. Queensland B. Perth D American cities are similar to other cities around the world: American cities are changing, just as American society is changing. After World War Two, the population of most large American cities decreased; however, the population in many Sun Belt cities increase. Los Angeles and Houston are cities where population shifts (转移) to and from the city reflect the changing values of American society. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, city residents became wealthier. They moved out of their apartments in the city to buy their own homes. They bought houses in the suburbs. Now things are changing. The children of the people who left the cities in the 1950s are now adults. Many, unlike their parents, want to live in the cities. They continue to move to Sun Belt cities and older ones of the Northeast and Midwest. Many young professionals are moving back into the city. They prefer the city to the suburbs because their jobs are there; or they just enjoy the excitement and possibilities that the city offers. This population shift is bringing problems as well as benefits. Countless poor people must leave their apartments in the city because the owners want to sell the buildings or make apartments for sale instead of for rent. In the 1950s, many poor people did not have enough money to move to the suburbs; now many of these same people do not have enough money to stay in the cities. Only a few years ago, people thought that the older American cities were dying. Some city
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C. Sydney

D. Melbourne

residents now see a bright, new future. Others see only problems and conflicts. One thing is sure: many dying cities are alive again. 54. What does the author think of cities all over the world? A. They are alive. C. They are similar. B. They are hopeless. D. They are different.

55. Why did American city residents want to live in the suburbs after World War Two? A. Because older American cities were dying. B. Because they were richer and needed more space. C. Because cities contained the worst parts of society. D. Because they could hardly afford to live in the city. 56. According to the third paragraph, a great many poor people in American cities A. are faced with housing problems C. want to sell their buildings 57. We can conclude from the text that A. American cities are changing for the worse B. people have different views on American cities C. many people are now moving from American cities D. the population is decreasing in older American cities B. are forced to move to the suburbs D. need more money for daily expenses . .

E Individuals should pay for their higher education. A university education is of huge and direct benefit to the individual. Graduates earn more than non-graduates. Meanwhile, social mobility is ever more dependent on having a degree. However, only some people have it. So the individual, not the taxpayers, should pay for it. There are pressing calls on the resources of the government. Using taxpayers’ money to help a small number of people to earn high incomes in the future is not one of them. Full government funding is not very good for universities. Adam Smith worked in a Scottish university whose teachers lived off student fees. He knew and looked down upon 18th century Oxford, where the academics lived comfortably off the income received from the government.

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Guaranteed salaries, Smith argued, were the enemy of hard work; and when the academics were lazy and incompetent, the students were similarly lazy. If students have to pay for their education, they not only work harder, but also demand more from their teachers. And their teachers have to keep them satisfied. If that means taking teaching seriously, and giving less time to their own research interests, that is surely something to celebrate. Many people believe that higher education should be free because it is good for the economy. Many graduates clearly do contribute to national wealth, but so do all the businesses that invest and create jobs. If you believe that the government should pay for higher education because graduates are economically productive, you should also believe that the government should pay part of business costs. Anyone promising to create jobs should receive a gift of capital from the government to invest. Therefore, it is the individual, not the government, who should pay for their university education. 58. The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 2 refers to A. taxpayers B. pressing calls .

C. college graduates D. government resources .

59. The author thinks that with full government funding A. teachers are less satisfied C. students will become more competent

B. students are more demanding D. teachers will spend less time on teaching .

60. The author mentions businesses in Paragraph 5 in order to A. argue against free university education C. encourage graduates to go into business 【答案】41-44 58-60 BDA DCAC 45—49 BDCDA

B. call on them to finance students’ studies D. show their contribution to higher education 50-53 ABCD 54-57 CBAB

74. 浙江杭州市萧山九中 2010 学年第一学期高三第一次质量检测 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 A Compared to the other parts of the body, our ears don’t ask for much. They don't need to be brushed once a day like your teeth. But they need some special care, especially if you like listening to music with earphones.
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Maybe your mum or dad has told you, "Turn that down before you go deaf!" Well, they are quite right. Loud noise might cause hearing loss for a short time or even forever. Think that earphones are a good way to escape from your parents’ eyes? Well. It may not be as good a way as you expect. American doctors have studied a group of 44,000 people who used earphones more than 15 hours per week. The doctors found that 37,000 of them were getting hearing problems. If you use earphones for too long a time, your ears might feel painful. You could also lose your hearing for the rest of your life. So don’t wear your earphones too long. Use them less than one hour a day. Want sharp hearing? Don’t forget to do the following: Try to stay away from places where there is too much noise, like a disco. If you have to go, wear earplugs. When swimming, remember to put earplugs into your ears to stop water from getting in. Never put anything sharp into your ears. If you think you have too much earwax, ask your mum or dad to help you clean it out. Keep these things in mind! Then you won't be saying "WHAT???" when you are older. 41. Which is the topic paragraph of the article? A. Paragraph One. C. Paragraph Five. B. Paragraph Two D. The last Paragraph

42. Using earphones "may not be as good a way as you expect" because _______. A. your parents know what you're doing B. it can cause hearing problems C. it makes your parents angry D. most of you use them improperly 43. If you want sharp hearing, you should _____. A. have your ears specially trained B. often wear earplugs and clean out the earwax C. take good care of your ears D. choose what you listen to carefully 44. "WHAT???" in the last sentence is an expression showing that the speaker____. A. has become impatient B. speaks in a loud voice
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C. is slow in understanding

D. asks for a lot of repetition B

It is Saturday afternoon. You and your friends are planning to go to the movies and then spend the night together. Just as you start to get ready, your dad reminds you it is your aunt's birthday and the whole family is going out to dinner to celebrate. How can this possibly end without a huge argument? One of the greatest sources of tension(紧张情绪)between teenagers and their families is the struggle to balance personal desires with family expectations. As you are getting older, you are becoming more independent and more interested in being with your friends. However, at the same time,your family is trying to figure out how to deal with these changes. While you once spent most of your free time with your family, you are now often absent from home. Parents may get their feelings hurt. Or they might feel that they are losing control of their family during this period. You might feel angry that so many family demands are placed on you. There are a few things you can try to make it a little easier to ease(缓解)the tension. * Make your plans in advance.Ask your parents if there is anything else planned at that time. * When something with your friends interferes(干扰;冲突)with a family event, try to figure out if there is any way you can do both. * Suggest something you would really like to do with your family. Sometimes parents feel better just knowing their teenager wants to spend time with them. Some of the time you won’t be happy with the outcome(结果). You might either have to disappoint your parents or have to miss out being with your friends. However, if you show consideration(体谅)for the feelings of both your family and your friends, you can solve the problem in a tender way. 45. The purpose of the first paragraph is to _________. A. show a disagreement of views B. serve as a description of teenager trouble C. serve as an introduction to the discussion D. show the popularity of teenager problem 46. The tension between teenagers and their families is caused by the fact that____________. A. teenagers don’t like to take family demands
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B. parents want to keep their family under control C. parents feel unhappy that their children make so many friends D. both parents and teenagers don’t pay attention to each other’s feeling much 47. Which of the following is NOT the advice given in the passage? A. Don’t feel angry if your parents ask you to do something. B. Try to think of ways to balance family event with friend event. C. Tell your parents before you decide to spend time with your friends. D. Advise your parents to do something that you are interested in with you. 48. What’s the purpose of the passage? A. To inform us of parent and teenager tension. B. To tell us about a common teenager problem. C. To persuade parents to show consideration for teenagers. D. To advise teenagers how to deal with their tension with their family. C How do successful people think? What drives them? Interviews and investigations indicate that there are several keys to success that successful people share. First of all, successful people never blame someone or something outside of themselves for their failure to go ahead.They realize that their future lies in their own hands. They understand that they cannot control things in life, such as nature, the past and other people. But in the meantime, they are well aware that they can control their own thoughts and actions. They take responsibility for their life and regard this as one of the most empowering things they can do. Perhaps what most separate successful people from others is that they live life “on purpose”——they are doing what they believe they are put here to do.In their opinion, having a purpose in their life is the most important element that enables them to become fully functioning people.They hold that when they live their life on purpose, their main concern is to do the job right. They love what they do—and it shows. People want to do business with them because of their commitment(投身;奉 献). To live their life on purpose,successful people find a cause they believe in and create a business around it. Besides, they never easily give up.Once they have set up goals in their life, they are willing to do whatever it takes to achieve their goals.Rather than seeing it negative or depressing they use the knowledge to spur themselves on and go after what they want
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energetically and passionately. 49. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A. How People Live Their Life on Purpose B. How People Can Be Successful C. How People Can Do Their Own Things D. How People Do Business 50. By living life “on purpose”,successful people can __________. A. do a lot of work B. concentrate on their jobs C. do business with many people D. do all of the above mentioned 51.The underlined word “it’’ in the second paragraph refers to __________. A. the main concern of successful people B. the job that successful people do C. the commitment with which successful people do their job D. the business that successful people do with other people 52.The underlined word “spur” in the last sentence most probably means________. A. encourage B. excite D It's only 4 hours flying time from Sydney, but a world away. What better place to rest than a country where the only place people hurry is on the football field and things are done in "Fiji time"? Viti Levu is Fiji’s the largest island and here you'll find the capital Suva and the international airport at Nadi Vatoa, on the other hand, is a tiny island in the farthest part of Fiji. Then there are 331 other islands, many of them with places to stay. With less than a million people living on islands, you'll never feel crowded. And with a climate(气候)that changes only for five degrees between seasons, there’s never a bad time to come. From cities to villages, from mountains to beaches, from water sports to wooden artworks, Fiji can give you more adventures and special experiences than you could find almost any where in the world. Whenever you come , wherever you go ,you’re sure to see some unforgettable events , from
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C. relieve

D. force

war dances to religious songs, from market days to religious days. It's not just staged for tourists; it's still a part of everyday life in Fiji. And any one of us can enjoy Fiji's spirit by being part of the traditional sharing of yaqona—a drink made from the root of a Fiji plant So why not join us for the experience of a lifetime? 53. Where is the international airport of Fiji? A. In Suva B. In Sydney C. On the island of Vatoa D. On the island of Viti Levu

54. What does the text tell us about Fiji people? A. They invented “Fiji time” for visitors B. They stick to a traditional way of life C. They like to travel from place to place D. They love taking adventures abroad 55. One of the things that make Fiji a tourist attraction is A. its comfortable hotels B. its good weather all year round C. its exciting football matches D. its religious beliefs 56. Where can we most probably read this text? A. In a personal diary C. In a travel magazine B. In a science report D. In a geography textbook E GUATEMALA CITY (Reuters) – A fish that lives in mangrove swamps(红树沼泽)across the Americas can live out of water for months at a time, similar to how animals adapted(适应)to land millions of years ago, a new study shows. The Magrove Rivulus, a type of small killifish, lives in small pools of water in a certain type of empty nut or even old beer cans in the mangrove swamps of Belize, the United States and Brazil. When their living place dries up, they live on the land in logs(圆木) ,said Scott Taylor, a researcher at the Brevard Endangered Lands Program in Florida. The fish, whose scientific name is Rivulus marmoratus, can grow as large as three inches. They group together in logs and breathe air through their skin until they can find water again. The new scientific discovery came after a trip to Belize.
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“We kicked over a log and the fish just came crowding out,” Taylor told Reuters in neighboring Guatgemala by telephone. He said he will make his study on the fish known to the public in an American magazine early next year. In lab tests, Taylor said he found the fish can live up to 66 days out of water without eating. Some other fish can live out of water for a short period of time. The walking catfish found in Southeast Asia can stay on land for hours at time, while lungfish found in Australia, Africa and South America can live out of water, but only in an inactive state. But no other known fish can be out of water as long as the Mangrove Rivulus and remain active, according to Patricia Wright, a biologist at Canada’s University of Guelph. Further studies of the fish may tell how animals changed over time. “These animals live in conditions similar to those that existed millions of years ago, when animals began making the transition(过渡)from water onto land,” Wright said. 57. The Mangrove Rivulus is a type of fish that _______. A. likes eating nuts B. prefers living in dry places C. is the longest living fish on earth D. can stay alive for two months out of water 58. Who will write up a report on Mangrove Rivulus? A. Patricia Wright B. Researchers in Guatemala

C. Scientists from Belize D. Scott Taylor 59. According to the text, lungfish can________ A. breathe through its skin B. move freely on dry land C. remain alive out of water D. be as active on land as in water 60. What can we say about the discovery of Mangrove Rivulus? A. It was made quite by accident B. It was based on a lab test of sea life C. It was supported by an American magazine D. It was helped by Patricia Wright
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75. 浙江省杭州四中 2011 届高三上学期第一次强化训练试卷 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A A dog sheltered a newborn baby abandoned by its 14-year-old mother in a field in rural Argentina until the boy was rescued, a doctor said on August 22 . The abandoned baby was found in a field with this dog and her newborn puppies. A man of a rural area outside La Plata called police late Wednesday night to say that he had heard the baby crying in a field behind his house. The man went outside and found the baby lying beside the dog and its six newborn puppies, Daniel Salcedo, chief of police of the Province of Buenos Aires, told CNN. The temperature was a chilly 37 degrees, Salcedo said. The dog had apparently carried the baby some 50 meters from where his mother had abandoned him to where the puppies were gathered, police said. "She took it like a puppy and rescued it," Salcedo said, "the doctors told us if she hadn't done this, he would have died." "The dog is a hero to us." Dr. Egidio Melia, director of the Melchor Romero Hospital in La Plata, told CNN that police showed up at the hospital at 11:30 p.m. Wednesday with the baby who doctors say was only a few hours old. Though the baby had slight cuts and bruises and was bleeding from his mouth, he was in good shape, Melia said. The next morning, the child's mother was driven by a neighbor to the hospital and told authorities

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the 8 pound, 13 ounce infant is hers, Melia said. The teenager was immediately given psychological treatment and was hospitalized, he said. She has said little about the incident. The child has been sent to a children's hospital in La Plata, 37 miles from Buenos Aires. 41. How was the baby when he was found? A. He was badly ill. B. He was dying. C. There was nothing serious with him D. He had lost a lot of blood. 42. What’s the text mainly about? A. A baby was rescued by a dog. B. A baby was abandoned by its mother. C. How an abandoned baby was saved by doctors. D. Dogs are heroes to human beings. 43. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The baby together with its mother has been sent to a hospital. B. The baby was born just a few hours ago. C. A man found the baby and took it to the hospital at once. D. Having seen the baby, the young mother returned home. B For Roy Johnson, a senior magazine editor, the latest indignity 侮辱) came after a recent dinner at ( a fancy restaurant in the wealthy New York City suburb where he and his family live. First the parking valet handed him the keys to his Jaguar instead of fetching the car. Then an elderly white couple came out and handed him the keys to their black Mercedes-Benz. “It took them a while to realize that I was not a valet,” says Johnson. “It didn’t matter that I was dressed for dinner and had paid a handsome price for the meal, just as he had. What mattered was that I didn’t fit his idea of someone who could be equal to him.” Such incidents, which are depressingly familiar to African-Americans of all ages, incomes and social classes, help explain why black and white attitudes often differ so completely. A recent survey found that 68 percent of blacks believe racism (种族歧视) is still a major problem in America. Only
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38 percent of whites agreed. Many Americans find the gulf between blacks and whites confusing. After all, official separation is a bad memory and 40 years of laws, policies and court decisions have helped African-Americans make significant progress toward equal opportunity. Indeed, a black man born in Harlem could be the nation’s next president. It is obvious that in the everyday encounters(不愉快的遭遇) African-Americans have with racial prejudice(偏见) and discrimination like the valet parking incident, such encounters often strike whites as unimportant misunderstandings. But they remind blacks that they are often dismissed as less intelligent, less hardworking, less honest and less likely to succeed. “What is amazing to me is the number of whites who express surprise that any of this happens,” observes Mary Frances Berry, chairperson of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. 44. The word “valet” in the first paragraph most probably means ________. A. a restaurant owner B. a driver of expensive cars C. a wealthy-looking gentleman D. a restaurant employee taking care of the cars of the diners 45. From the passage we can learn that _________. A. Most American whites express surprise at such incidents B. there is no more official separation in the US nowadays C. some government officials have very bad memories D. a black man born in Harlem will be the next US president 46. It is implied in the passage that many white people deny the presence of racism in the US because ________. A. they tend not to regard instances of racism as serious mistakes B. they have never seen any instance of racism in their country C. they believe that racism is all history D. they have always treated black people as their equals 47. Judging from the context, the most possible meaning of the underlined word observes in the last paragraph is ________. A. comments B. explains C. describes
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D. reports

C Sony and Toyota are struggling. But one brand name is thriving (繁荣)in Japan during the economic slowdown —Mickey Mouse. According to the company that runs Tokyo Disneyland, Japan's busiest theme park will be more packed than ever over Christmas and New Year's Day. Despite the bad economy, it's already been a record year for an escape that's cheaper than the average night out in pricey Tokyo. "Here, economic depression seems a world away," visitor Namie Katsunuma said as she munched on(嚼)a bowl of popcorn. "This is the only place where I can totally forget the economic worries and hardship of my life." The single mother's salary at an auto factory was cut in November but, with her $500 yearly pass in hand, she makes the 95-km journey from her home to Tokyo Disneyland every couple of months. The park's operator, Oriental Land Co, estimates a record 26.5 million people will visit Tokyo Disneyland and its nearby sister park, Disneysea, during the financial year ending in March. The company is forecasting sales of a record $4.2 billion, up almost 10 percent. "In a way, the economy works well for Tokyo Disneyland," said Hiroshi Watanabe, an economist at the Tokyo-based Daiwa Research Institute. "Because of the economic depression, people have stopped buying cars and houses or going to Hawaii, and Tokyo Disneyland offers an affordable and pleasant alternative." Around the world, Disney's theme parks have been a bright spot for the brand this year as people seem to look for an escape from bad times. 48. According to the passage, what happens to Tokyo Disneyland this year? A. Fewer people visit it. C. It becomes attractive to adults. B. Less money is made. D. It gets more and more popular.

49. What can be the possible reason for Tokyo Disneyland’s prosperity? A. It costs less money to play here than in any other theme park. B. People have a new understanding of amusement. C. The economic depression has changed people’s plans to spend money. D. Visitors seek temporary escape from economic depression. 50. What does the underlined word “pricey” mean in the second paragraph? A. expensive B. crowded C. advanced D. developed
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51. According to the last paragraph, what is the writer probably going to write? A. The theme parks that attract most visitors. B. More examples of success of Disney theme parks. C. Tokyo Disneyland’s plan for the next year. D. The economic depression in other companies. D One of my favorite posters says, "Life is a test. It is only a test. Had this been a real life, you would have been instructed where to go and what to do." Whenever I think of this humorous bit of wisdom, it reminds me not to take my life so seriously. When you look at life and its many challenges as a test, or series of tests, you begin to see each issue you face as an opportunity to grow, a chance to discover more about life. Whether you're being bombarded( 攻 击 ) with problems, responsibilities, even insurmountable( 不 能 超 越 的 ) difficulties, when looked at as a test, you always have a chance to succeed, in the sense of overcoming what is challenging you. If, on the other hand, you see each new issue you face as a serious battle that must be won in order to survive, you're probably in for(遭遇) a very rocky journey. The only time you're likely to be happy is when everything is working out just right. And we all know how often that happens. As an experiment, see if you can apply this idea to something you are forced to deal with. Perhaps you have much pressure from your parents or you have a demanding boss. See if you can redefine the issue you face from being a "problem" to being a test. Rather than struggling with your issue, see if there is something you can learn from it. Ask yourself, "Why is this an issue in my life? What would it mean and what would be involved to overcome it? Could I possibly look at this issue any differently? Can I see it as a test of some kind?" If you give this strategy a try, you may be surprised at your changed responses. It will become far more acceptable to me to accept things as they are. 52. When you begin to look at life as a test, you will find A. you are bombarded with problems and responsibilities B. the result of the test is so good that you are delighted C. you have many opportunities to grow D. you have to go to school to take tests everyday
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.

53. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the author? A. When you look at life as a test, you have a chance to deal with problems you face. B. When you take life seriously, you are more likely to succeed and become happy. C. When you see each problem a serious battle, you have more chances to survive. D. When everything is working out just right, you can know how often it happens. 54. According to the passage, you'd better look at life as a test when_____. A. you try to get the meaning of the poster B. you have an easygoing boss C. you are carrying out an experiment D. you are in a rocky journey 55. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A. My Favorite Poster C. Face Challenge of Life B. Take Life Seriously D. Consider Life As a Test

56. According to the passage, what is the author’s attitude towards life? A. He cares much about his life. B. He doesn’t take his life seriously. C. He knows where to go and what to do. D. He thinks life is full of humorous wisdom. E Against the supposition that forest fires in Alaska, Canada and Siberia warm the climate., scientists have discovered that cooling may occur in areas where burnt trees allow more snow to mirror sunlight into space. This finding suggests that taking steps to prevent northern forest fires to limit the release of greenhouse gases may warm the climate in northern regions. Usually large fires destroyed forests in these areas over the past decade. Scientists predict that with climate warming, fires may occur more frequently over the next several centuries as a result of a longer fire season. Sunlight taken in by the earth tends to cause warming, while heat mirrored back into space tends to cause cooling. This is the first study to analyze all aspects of how northern fires influence climate. Earlier studies by other scientists have suggested that fire in northern regions speed up climate warming because greenhouse gases from burning trees and plants are released into the atmosphere and thus trap
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heat. Scientists found that right after the fire, large amounts of greenhouse gases entered the atmosphere and caused warming. Ozone(臭氧)levels increased, and ash from the fire fell on far-off sea ice, darkening the surface and causing more radiation from the sun to be taken in. the following spring, however, the land within the area of the fire was brighter than before the fire, because fewer trees covered the ground. Snow on the ground mirrored more sunlight back into space, leading to cooling. “We need to find out all possible ways to reduce the growth of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.” Scientists tracked the change in the amount of radiation entering and leaving the climate system as a result of the fire, and found a measurement closely related to the global air temperature. Typically, fire in northern regions occurs in the same area every 80 to 150 years. Scientists, however, found that when fire occurs more frequently, more radiation is lost from the earth and cooling results. Specifically, they determined when fire returns 20 years earlier than predicted, 0.5 watts per square meter will be sent back into space. The net effect is cooling. Watts are used to measure the rate at which energy is gained or lost from the earth. 57. According to the new findings, taking steps to prevent northern forest fires may _______ . A. result in a warming climate B. cause the forest fires to occur more frequently C. lead to a longer fire season D. protect the forests and the environment there 58. The following are all the immediate effects after a forest fire EXCEPT _______ . A. large amounts of greenhouse gases enter the atmosphere B. the levels of ozone which is a type of oxygen increase C. snow on the ground mirrors more sunlight back into space D. ashes from the fire fall on the ice surface and take in more radiation from the sun 59. Earlier studies about northern forest fires _______ . A. analyze all aspects of how northern fires influence climate B. indicate that forest fires will pollute the atmosphere C. suggest that people should take measures to protect environment D. suggest that the fires will speed up climate warming
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60. From the passage we can draw a conclusion that forest fires in Alaska, Canada and Siberia may _______ . A. warm the climate as the supposition goes B. allow more snow to reflect more sunlight into space and thus cool the climate C. destroy large areas of forests and pollute the far-off sea ice D. help to gain more energy rather than release more energy 41—43 CAB 57—60 ACDB 76. 浙江金华一中 2011 届高三年级 9 月考 第二部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 A The elephant was lying heavily on its side, fast asleep.A few dogs started barking at it.The elephant woke up in a terrible anger: it chased the dogs into the village where they ran for safety. That didn't stop the elephant. destroyed a dozen houses and injured several people. villagers It The were scared and angry.Then someone suggested calling Parbati, the elephant princess. Parbati Barua's father was a hunter of tigers and an elephant tamer.He taught Parbati to ride an elephant before she could even walk.He also taught her the dangerous art of the elephant round-up -- how to catch wild elephants. Parbati hasn't always lived in the jungle.After a happy childhood hunting with her father, she was sent to a boarding school in the city.But Parbati never got used to being there and many years later she went back to her old life.“Life in the city is too dull.Catching elephants is an adventure and the excitement lasts for days after the chase,” she says. But Parbati doesn't catch elephants just for fun. work,” she says, “is to rescue man from the “My elephants, and to keep the elephants safe from man.” And this is exactly what Parbati has been doing for many years. Increasingly, the Indian elephant is angry: for many years, illegal hunters have attacked it and its home in the jungle has been reduced to small pieces of land.It is now fighting back. Whenever wild elephants enter a tea garden or a village, Parbati is called to guide the animals back to the jungle before they can kill.
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44—47 DBAA

48—51 DDAB

52—56 CADDB

The work of an elephant tamer also involves love and devotion.A good elephant tamer will spend hours a day singing love songs to a newly captured elephant.“Eventually they grow to love their tamers and never forget them.They are also more loyal than humans,” she said, as she climbed up one of her elephants and sat on the giant, happy animal.An elephant princess indeed! 51.For Parbati, catching elephants is mainly to ________. A.get long lasting excitement C.send them back to the jungle B.keep both man and elephants safe D.make the angry elephants tame

52.Indian elephants are getting increasingly angry and they revenge because ______. A.they are caught and sent for heavy work B.illegal hunters capture them and kill them C.they are attacked and their land gets limited D.dogs often bark at them and chase them 53.The passage starts with an elephant story in order to explain that in India ______. A.people easily fall victim to elephants' attacks B.the man-elephant relationship is getting worse C.elephant tamers are in short supply D.dogs are as powerful as elephants B You may have heard the term “the American Dream”.In 1848, James W.Marshall found gold in California and people began having golden dreams.That 19th century “American Dream" motivated the Gold Rush and gave California its nickname of the “Golden State”. The American Dream drove not only 1800s gold-rush prospectors(采矿者)but also waves of immigrants throughout that century and the next.People from Europe, and a large number of Chinese, arrived in the US in the 19th century hoping that in America they would find gold in the streets.But most.instead, worked as railroad laborers.They created the oldest Chinatown, in San Francisco, and gave the city a Chinese name “the old gold hill”. In the 20th century, some critics said that it was no longer possible to become prosperous through determination and hard work.Unfair education for students from poor families and racial discrimination almost made the American Dream a nightmare(噩梦) . Then, in the 1990s, California saw a new wave of dreamers in Silicon Valley.People poured
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their energy into the Internet.This new chapter of the American Dream attracted many business people and young talents from China and India to form start-ups and seek fortune in America. Better pay, a nice house, and a rising standard of living will always be attractive. However, the new American Dream is no longer just about money.It encourages Americans to consume wisely to protect the environment, improve the quality of life, and promote social justice(正义,公 正) . The Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger has become the model of the new American Dream.After years of hard work, he grew from a poor young man from Austria into a super movie star and then a governor.Many people hope his story can save the American Dream and give California a brighter future. 54.It can be inferred that_______. A.America’s golden dream could never be realized B.America’s golden dream had bought great fortune to Chinese immigrants C.different times have different themes of the American dream D.determination and hard work are the best way to realize the American dream 55.Why did most of the early immigrants work as railroad laborers? A.Because they could earn more money as railroad laborers. B.Because they had to make a living by working as railroad laborers. C.Because they thought railroad was the first step to find gold. D.Because railroad laborers were greatly honored at that time. 56.The underlined sentence “his story can save the American Dream” (in the last paragraph) indicates that _______. A.the dream of seeking fortunate in America is easy to realize B.most of the immigrants to America don’t reach their previous goals C.the success of Arnold Schwarzenegger is among the common examples of the immigrants D.the immigrants have made great contributions to California 57.What’s the best title of the passage? A.Waves of Immigrants to America B.Make Fortunes Abroad C.Hard Work Leads to Success
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D.Changes of America’s Golden Dream

C One of my favorite posters says, "Life is a test.It is only a test.Had this been a real life, you would have been instructed where to go and what to do. Whenever I think of this humorous bit of " wisdom, it reminds me not to take my life so seriously. When you look at life and its many challenges as a test, or series of tests, you begin to see each issue you face as an opportunity to grow, a chance to discover more about life.Whether you're being bombarded(攻击) with problems, responsibilities, even insurmountable(不能超越的) difficulties, when looked at as a test, you always have a chance to succeed, in the sense of overcoming what is challenging you.If, on the other hand, you see each new issue you face as a serious battle that must be won in order to survive, you're probably in for(遭遇) a very rocky journey.The only time you're likely to be happy is when everything is working out just right.And we all know how often that happens. As an experiment, see if you can apply this idea to something you are forced to deal with. Perhaps you have much pressure from your parents or you have a demanding boss. if you See can redefine the issue you face from being a "problem" to being a test.Rather than struggling with your issue, see if there is something you can learn from it.Ask yourself, "Why is this an issue in my life? What would it mean and what would be involved to overcome it? Could I possibly look at this issue any differently? Can I see it as a test of some kind?" If you give this strategy a try, you may be surprised at your changed responses.It will become far more acceptable to me to accept things as they are. 58.When you begin to look at life as a test, you will find _________. A.you are bombarded with problems and responsibilities B.the result of the test is so good that you are delighted C.you have many opportunities to grow D.you have to go to school to take tests everyday 59.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the author? A.When you look at life as a test, you have a chance to deal with problems you face. B.When you take life seriously, you are more likely to succeed and become happy.
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C.When you see each problem a serious battle, you have more chances to survive. D.When everything is working out just right, you can know how often it happens. 60.According to the passage, you'd better look at life as a test when_____. A.you try to get the meaning of the poster B.you have an easygoing boss C.you are carrying out an experiment D.you are in a rocky journey 61.According to the passage, what is the author’s attitude towards life? A.He cares much about his life. B.He doesn’t take his life seriously. C.He knows where to go and what to do. D.He thinks life is full of humorous wisdom.

D Against the supposition that forest fires in Alaska, Canada and Siberia warm the climate, scientists have discovered that cooling may occur in areas where burnt trees allow more snow to mirror sunlight into space. This finding suggests that taking steps to prevent northern forest fires to limit the release of greenhouse gases may warm the climate in northern regions. Usually large fires destroyed forests in these areas over the past decade.Scientists predict that with climate warming, fires may occur more frequently over the next several centuries as a result of a longer fire season.Sunlight taken in by the earth tends to cause warming, while heat mirrored back into space tends to cause cooling. This is the first study to analyze all aspects of how northern fires influence climate.Earlier studies by other scientists have suggested that fire in northern regions speed up climate warming because greenhouse gases from burning trees and plants are released into the atmosphere and thus trap heat. Scientists found that right after the fire, large amounts of greenhouse gases entered the atmosphere and caused warming. Ozone 臭氧) ( levels increased, and ash from the fire fell on far-off
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sea ice, darkening the surface and causing more radiation from the sun to be taken in. following the spring, however, the land within the area of the fire was brighter than before the fire, because fewer trees covered the ground.Snow on the ground mirrored more sunlight back into space, leading to cooling. “We need to find out all possible ways to reduce the growth of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.” Scientists tracked the change in the amount of radiation entering and leaving the climate system as a result of the fire, and found a measurement closely related to the global air temperature.Typically, fire in northern regions occurs in the same area every 80 to 150 years.Scientists, however, found that when fire occurs more frequently, more radiation is lost from the earth and cooling results.Specifically, they determined when fire returns 20 years earlier than predicted, 0. watts per square meter will be sent back into space. net effect is cooling. 5 The Watts are used to measure the rate at which energy is gained or lost from the earth. 62.According to the new findings, taking steps to prevent northern forest fires may _______ . A.result in a warming climate B.cause the forest fires to occur more frequently C.lead to a longer fire season D.protect the forests and the environment there 63.The following are all the immediate effects after a forest fire EXCEPT _______ . A.large amounts of greenhouse gases enter the atmosphere B.the levels of ozone which is a type of oxygen increase C.snow on the ground mirrors more sunlight back into space D.ashes from the fire fall on the ice surface and take in more radiation from the sun 64.Earlier studies about northern forest fires _______ . A.analyze all aspects of how northern fires influence climate B.indicate that forest fires will pollute the atmosphere C.suggest that people should take measures to protect environment D.suggest that the fires will speed up climate warming 65.From the passage we can draw a conclusion that forest fires in Alaska, Canada and Siberia may _______ . A.warm the climate as the supposition goes
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B.allow more snow to reflect more sunlight into space and thus cool the climate C.destroy large areas of forests and pollute the far-off sea ice D.help to gain more energy rather than release more energy (A) 51-53 BCB (B)54-57 CBBD (C) 58-61 CADB (D) 62-65 ACDB

77. 浙江省嵊泗中学 2010\2011 学年第一学期 9 月份月测试卷 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 (共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A If you have ever been discouraged because of failure, please read on. Usually, achieving what you set out to do is not the important thing. Let me explain. Two brothers decided to dig a deep hole behind their house. As they were working, a couple of older boys stopped by to watch. “What are you doing?” asked one of the visitors. “We plan to dig a hole all the way through the earth!” one of the brothers answered excitedly. The older boys began to laugh, telling the younger ones that digging a hole all the way through the earth was impossible. After a long silence, one of the diggers picked up a jar(罐) full of spiders(蜘蛛), worms and a lot of insects. He removed the lid and showed the wonderful contents to the visitors who were laughing at them. Then he said quietly and confidently, “Even if we don’t dig all the way through the earth, look what we found along the way!” Their goal was far too difficult, but it made them dig. And that is what a goal is for—to make us move in the direction we have chosen. In other words, it sets us to digging! But not every goal will be fully achieved. Not every job will end successfully. Not every hope will come to pass. Not every love will last. But when you fall short of your aim, perhaps you can say, “Yes, but look at what I found along the way! Look at the wonderful things which have come into my life because I tried to do something!” And I believe it is the joy in the journey, rather than in the end, that truly matters.

(

)41. The writer told us the story to ________ . A. advise us to treat our failures fairly B. persuade us to make an aim for our lives
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C. encourage us to learn from the two brothers D. prove that failure helps us make achievements ( )42. What’s the best title of the passage? A. Failure is the mother of success B. When there is a will, there is a way C. No pains, no gains D. Joy in the journey ( )43. Which do we know from the passage? A. Digging a hole all the way through the earth is impossible. B. The two brothers will surely reach their goal one day. C. If one has a goal, he will want to dig holes. D. Everyone can succeed if he sets a practical goal.

B Frank Woolworth was born in Rodman, New York, in 1852. His family were very poor farmers, and there was never enough to eat. Frank decided he did not want to be a farmer. He took a short business course, and went to work as a salesman in a large city. Woolworth realized he had a natural skill for showing goods to attract people’s interest, but he soon learned something more important. One day his boss told him to sell some odds and ends (小商 品 ) for as much as he could get. Frank put all these things on one table with a sign which said FIVE CENTS EACH. People fought and pushed to buy the things and the table was soon cleared. Soon afterwards, Woolworth opened his own store, selling goods at five and ten cents. But he had another lesson to learn before he became successful. That is, if you want to make money by selling low-price goods, you have to buy them in large quantities directly form the factories. Once, for example, Woolworth went to Germany and placed an order for knives. The order was so large that the factory had to keep running 24 hours a day for a whole year. In this way, the price of the knives was cut down by half. By 1919, Woolworth had over 1000 stores in the US and Canada, and opened his first store in London. He made many millions and his name became famous throughout the world. He always run his business according to strict rules, of which the most important was: “ THE CUSTOMER IS
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ALWAYS RIGHT.” ( )44. Frank took a short business course in order to ____________. A. earn more money for his family B. learn something from a salesman C. get away from the farm D. get enough to feed himself ( )45. Frank sold the odds and ends quickly because _____________. A. he knew how to get people to buy his goods B. he cut down the price by half C. he had put the goods on a table in a very nice way D. the sign he put on the table was well designed (
[

)46. The price of the knives was cut down by half because ______________. A. the factory workers worked 24 hours a day B. knives were ordered in large quantities directly from the factory C. the knives were made in Germany, where labour (劳动力) was cheap D. the knives were produced in one factory

(

)47. _____________ make Woolworth a world-famous man. A. His business skills and his wealth B. The low prices of the goods he sold C. His trip to Germany and his huge order of knives D. His natural skills for showing things

(

)48. “ The customer is always right” suggests that _______________. A. when the customer and shop assistant quarrel, the customer is always right. B. If you want to succeed, the rule is the only way out. C. stores must follow the customer’s orders if they want to make money. D. stores should try to meet the customer’s needs if they want to succeed.

C What are you doing right now? Yes, you are reading this page. That also means you’re moving your eyes. You’re thinking. You’re breathing. You’re listening. Possibly you’re shifting(变换)
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positions. You’re also feeling things---this book, your chair, emotions. What lets you do all these things at the same time? Your brain. Your brain is the control center of your body and mind. Without your brain you can’t do anything. Your brain has more than 100 billion nerve(神经) cells. Each nerve cell makes from 1,000 to 10,000 connections with other nerve cells. The nerve cells send impulses back and forth in your brain and to and from every part of your body. After you reach the age of 20, though, your brain cells start to die. This is common. However, if you suffer an illness, or injury, even more nerve cells die in your brain. When a nerve cell dies, the thousands of connections it made with other nerve cells are lost. Until recently, scientists believed that the brain did not replace its dead cells. New studies, however, prove not. Scientists have found new nerve cells in a part of the brain called the hippocampus(海马区). The hippocampus helps the brain form memories from new experiences. The discovery of these new nerve cells is not a cure for anything yet. It gives hope, however, of a cure for brain damage from such things as epilepsy(癫痫病), Lou Gehrig’s disease, car accidents, and strokes. Someday scientists might be able to use the new cells to replace damaged brain cells. Such a cure, however, may take about ten years to develop. So at the same time, use your head---protect it! ( )49. Nerve cells in the brain______. A. send massages to every part of the body B. make connections only to other cells in the brain C. can cure Lou Gehrig’s disease D. are a person’s memory ( )50. The last sentence of the passage suggests that people______. A. should use their head by carefully thinking through situations B. should be careful not to injure their brains C. have a skull (头盖骨) that provides all the protection needed by the brain D. would see a quick cure for brain disease ( )51. The author explains what the hippocampus is by ______. A. telling its history C. telling how it got its name B. comparing it to other parts of the brain D. explaining what it does
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(

)52 .Nerve impulses are______. A. cures B. disorders C. memories D. messages

D People travel for a lot of reasons. Some tourists go to see battlefields or other historic remains. Others are looking for culture, or simply want to have their pictures taken in front of famous places. Most European tourists are looking for a sunny beach to lie on. Northern Europeans are willing to pay a lot of money for the sun because they have so little of it. People in cities like London, Copenhagen and Amsterdam spend much of their winter in the dark because the days are so short, and much of the year it rains. This is the reason why the Mediterranean (地中海) has always attracted them. Every summer many people travel to Mediterranean resorts (度假胜地) and beaches for their vacation. They all come for the same reason. Sun! The huge crowds mean lots of money for the economies of Mediterranean countries. Italy's 30,000 hotels are booked without a break every summer. And 13 million people visited French beaches, parks, and roadsides. Spain's long sandy coastline attracts more people than anywhere else. 37 million tourists visit there yearly, or one tourist for each person living in Spain. But there are signs that the area is getting more tourism than it can deal with. The Mediterranean is already one of the most polluted seas on earth. None of this, however, is ruining anyone's fun. Obviously, visitors don't go there for clean water. They allow traffic jams and endure crowded beaches. They don't even mind the pollution. No matter how dirty the water is , the coastline still looks beautiful. And as long as the sun shines, it's still better than sitting in cold Berlin, London, or anywhere else. ( )53. The writer seems to infer that Europeans travel mostly for the reason that _____. A. they want to see historic remains B. they wish to escape from cold, dark and rainy days C. they would like to take pictures in front of famous places D. they are interested in different cultural and social customs ( )54. According to the passage, which of the following countries attracts more tourists than the others?
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A. Italy. (

B. Greece.

C. France.

D. Spain.

)55. The underlined part in Passage 3, "one tourist for each person living in Spain" means _____. A. all the 37 million people living in Spain are tourists B. every person living in Spain has to take care of a tourist C. every year as many tourists visit Spain as there are people living in that country D. every family in Spain is visited by a tourist every year

(

)56. According to the passage, which of the following might ruin the tourists' fun at Mediterranean resorts and beaches? A. Polluted water B. Crowded buses C. Rainy weather D. Traffic jams

E Bill Gates was born on October 28th, 1955. He and his two sisters grew up in Seattle. Their father, William H. Gates II, was a Seattle lawyer. Mary Gates, their late mother, was a school teacher. Gates attended public elementary school before moving on to the private Lakeside School in North Seattle. It was at Lakeside that Gates began his career in personal computer soft- ware, programming computers at age 13. In 1973, Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman, where he lived down the hall from Steve Ballmer, who is now Microsoft's president. While at Harvard, Gates developed a version (版 本) of the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer---the MITS Astair. In his junior year, Gates dropped out of Harvard to devote his energies full-time to Microsoft, a company he had started in 1975 with his boyhood friend Paul Allen. Guided by a belief that the personal computer would be a valuable tool on every office desk-top and in every home, they began developing software for personal computers. Gates' foresight has led to the success of Microsoft and the software industry. He plays an important role in the technical development of new products. Much of his time is devoted to meeting with customers and staying in touch with Microsoft employees around the world through e-mail. In the dozen years since Microsoft went public, Gates has donated more than $ 800 million to charities (慈善机构), including $ 200 million to the Gates Library Foundation to help libraries in
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North America make use of new technologies and the Information Age. ( )57. Where did Bill Gates begin his career in personal computer software? A. At public elementary school. C. At Harvard University. ( )58. Why did he drop out of Harvard? A. To change school. C. To find a full-time job. ( B. To spend all his energies to Microsoft. D. To earn money. B. At the private Lakeside School. D. At Microsoft Company.

)59. How does Gates spend much of his time? A. Meeting with people. C. E-mailing some friends. D. Meeting with customers and e-mailing Microsoft employees. B. Travelling around the world.

(

)60. What does the underlined word "donated" in the last paragraph mean? A. gave. 41—43 ADA B. earned. C. made. D. received.

44—48 AABAD 49—52 ABDD

53—56 BDCC

57—60 BBDA

78. 浙江台州中学 2010—2011 学年第一学期第二次统练试题

第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was a boy , my father told me that he could do anything that he wanted to do . Dad said that he wanted to be the first to develop color prints in our city, and so he did. When I was 16,Dad looked closely at the violin I played and announced that he wanted to make one.He read about violin making,and then became a violin-maker at the age of 43. bought the tools and materials, opened a small store and set Mom up He as the shopkeeper, while he worked at a local company.He retired from the company 17 years later and continued to make violins and other instruments. Dad often guessed why the Stradivarius violins sounded so beautiful.Some experts claimed that it was the unique varnish (油漆) that gave those instruments their beautiful sound.Dad argued that chemists could analyze the varnish------if that were

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the answer. One of Dad's friends asked him once which kind of wood was used to make violins.When Dad explained that the top was made of spruce,his friend said that he had an old piece of spruce Dad might be interested in. He worked for the next 12 months making a violin from the wood that his friend had given him. It proved to be a superior violin and it would become Dad's masterpiece.He was convinced that the secret of the Stradivarius sound was in the wood itself. Later,the instrument was stolen.Dad's spirit was broken by the robbery, and he stopped making instruments. But he kept the music shop until he was 80 years old, selling guitars and violins. My father has been gone for 14 years now.The violin has been missing for more than25 years.Somewhere a musician is playing a late-20tb-centruy violin with an excellent tone. owner today may never understand why this ordinary-looking violin The sounds so much like a Stradivarius 41. The author mentions his father's developing color prints_________ A.to show that his father's real interest was not in making violins B.to prove that his father could do anything he wanted to do C.to give an example proving that his father was an inventor D.to describe the real thing that made the author believe his father 42. What did the author's father think about Stradivarius violins? A.The varnish was different from the others. B.The way of making them was special C.The wood of the violins was special D.They could only be analyzed by chemists. 43. How long did the author’s father live after the violin was stolen ? A. About 11 years B. About 14 years C. About 25 years D. About 80 years

44. We can infer from the last paragraph that the author_______ A.really hates the thief B.misses his father a lot

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C.really wants to play the violin D.wonders who's playing the violin now

B
If women are mercilessly exploited(剥削) year after year, they have only themselves to blame. Because they tremble at the thought of being seen in public in clothes that are out of fashion, they are always taken advantage of by the designers and the big stores. Clothes which have been worn only a few times have to be put aside because of the change of fashion. Changing fashions are nothing more than the intentional creation of waste. Many women spend large sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn. Women who cannot afford to throw away clothing in this way, waste hours of their time changing their old-fashioned dresses. Skirts are lengthened or shortened; neck-lines are lowered or raised, and so on. No one can claim that the fashion industry contributes anything really important to society. Fashion designers are rarely concerned with necessary things like warmth, comfort and durability (耐用). They are only interested in outward appearance and they take advantage of the fact that women will put up with any amount of discomfort, as long as they look right. There can hardly be a man who hasn't at some time in his life smiled at the sight of a woman shaking in a thin dress on a winter day, or picking her way through deep snow in high heeled shoes. When comparing men and women in the matter of fashion, the conclusions to be drawn are obvious. Do the constantly changing fashions of women's clothes, one wonders, reflect basic qualities of inconstancy and instability? Men are too clever to let themselves be cheated by fashion designers. Do their unchanging styles of dress reflect basic qualities of stability and reliability(稳定耐用)? That is for you to decide. 45. Designers and big stores always make money_________. A. by mercilessly exploiting women workers in the clothing industry B. because they are capable of predicting new fashions C. by constantly changing the fashions in women's clothing

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D. because they attach great importance to quality in women's clothing 46. To the writer, the fact that women change their old-fashioned dresses is seen as ___________. A. a waste of money C. an expression of taste B. a waste of time D. an expression of creativity

47. New fashions in clothing are created for ___________. A. the commercial exploitation of women character C. basic qualities of inconstancy and instability D. an important contribution to society 48. By saying "the conclusions to be drawn are obvious" (Line One to Line Two, Paragraph Four), the writer means that ___________. A. women's inconstancy in their choice of clothing is often laughed at B. women are better able to put up with discomfort C. men are also exploited greatly by fashion designers D. men are more reasonable in the matter of fashion B. the women's strength of

C In only two decades Asian Americans have become the fastest-growing U.S. minority (少数民族). As their children began moving up through the nation's schools, it became clear that a new class of academic achievers was emerging. Their achievements are reflected in the nation’s best universities, where mathematics, science and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. This special liking for mathematics and science is partly explained by the fact that Asian-American students who began their educations abroad arrived in the U. S. with a solid grounding in mathematics but little or no knowledge of English. They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more objectively. And the return on the investment in education is more immediate in something like engineering than with an arts degree.
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Most Asian-American students owe their success to the influence of parents who are determined that their children take full advantage of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American parents do, and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian culture that breeds success, such as ideals that stress family values and emphasize education. Both explanations for academic success worry Asian Americans because of fears that they feed a typical racial image. Many can remember when Chinese, Japanese and Filipino immigrants were the victims of social isolation. Indeed, it was not until 1952 that laws were laid down giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship. 49.While making tremendous achievements at college, Asian- American students ______. A.feel they are mistreated because of limited knowledge of English B.are afraid that their academic successes bear a strong Asian character C.still worry about unfair treatment in society D.generally feel it is a shame to have to depend on their parents 50.What are the major factors that determine the success of Asian Americans? A.A solid foundation in basic mathematics and being Asian Americans. B.Hard work and intelligence. C.Parental help and a limited knowledge of English. D.Asian culture and the American educational system. 51.Why do the two “explanations” (Line 1, Para. 3 ) worry Asian Americans ? A.They are afraid that they would again be isolated from American society in general. B.People would think that Asian students rely on their parents for success. C.Asian Americans would be a threat to other minorities D.American academic achievements have taken on too strong an Asian character. 52.The author’s tone in this passage is A.sympathetic B.doubtful D
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. C.critical D.objective

Australia is a society of people from a rich variety of cultural, racial, linguistic and religious backgrounds. Aboriginal (土著居民) and Torres Strait Islander people have lived in Australia for tens of thousands of years. Now, most Australians are immigrants or the descendants (后裔) of immigrants who arrived during the past two centuries from more than 200 countries. Cultural and linguistic diversity was a feature of Australian life when European settled here and remains a particular feature of modern society. Immigration began with European settlement in the 1770s. In 1770, Captain Cook declared the land for Great Britain. In 1788, the first colony (殖民地) was established. Most of the colonists were declared guilty from Great Britain. The immigration continued at a steady pace — reaching 50, 000 a year during the 1850s when gold was discovered and Australia became a destination for immigrants seeking fortune and a new start in life. The population reached seven million in the 1940s. Most settlers were from a British background. Australia’s immigration policy (政策) is global and does not consider racial, cultural or religious backgrounds. Each year, Australia welcomes more than 120,000 migrants and resettles around 13,000 people under its humanitarian program. Today, almost one in four of Australia’s population of 21 million was born overseas. The last 40 years have seen an important change in the source countries of people who choose to come here. In the 1960s, 45 % of all the new settlers were born in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Recently, this has fallen to 17% with settlers and long-term visitors increasing from countries in the Asia Pacific area, Africa and the Middle East. Migrants have brought with them language skills and other capabilities that are valuable in today’s global economy. Although English is the official language in Australia, more than 3 million Australians speak a language other than English at home. 53. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people ____. A. make up most of the Australian population B. came from other continents many years ago C. have diverse cultural and religious backgrounds D. have been living in Australia for a very long time
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54. Most of the earliest immigrants to Australia ____. A. were found guilty sailors 55. We can know from the passage that since the 1940s, ____. A. Australia has resettled about 120,000 people in all B. the government has changed its immigration policy C. Australian residents have increased by 14 million D. most Australian settlers have been from a British background 56. What can we infer from the passage? A. More than half of the Australian people were born in other countries. B. The number of immigrants from the UK and Ireland is growing. C. The government’s relevant policy contributes to the immigration. D. Those unable to speak English find it hard to live in Australia. E A group called the Education Arcade recently held a conference in Los Angeles to discuss the future of educational games. The Education Arcade brings together international game designers, publishers, teachers and policymakers. They say they want to lead a change in the way the world learns through computer and video games. The conference is part of the E-three, the Electronic Entertainment Exposition. This is a yearly trade show where companies show off new games and educational products. The Education Arcade started at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, near Boston. Professors worked with the Microsoft Company to create what they called the Games-to-Teach Project. The group began to explore ways to use technology in teaching and learning. They worked with game designers to develop ideas about how mathematics and science could mix with game playing. The Education Arcade is the research part of this Games-to-Teach Project. The group recently announced that a “Games for Learning” statement would be placed on some products. Their goal is to help people find games that are fun but will also teach. The Education Arcade says it also wants to get businesses to produce more games that teach.
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B. wanted a new life

C. hoped to find gold

D.

were

The Entertainment Software Association says fifty percent of all Americans who are around six years old play computer and video games. Sales of such games in the United States grew eight percent last year, to seven thousand million dollars. The industry group says the average age of a game player is twenty-nine years old. And it says thirty-nine percent are women. 57. The Education Arcade recently held a conference ________. A. to create a new way of learning with computer and video games B. to bring together international game designers, publishers, teachers and policymakers C. to show off new games and educational products D. to discuss the history of educational games 58. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Education Arcade? A. It is a yearly trade show at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. B. The Microsoft Company is its work partner. C. It tries to explore ways to use technology in teaching and learning. D. It is the research part of the Games-to-Teach Project. 59. Which is the closest in meaning to the underlined part in Paragraph 4? A. Force the company to make new games. B. Make money by creating the games of learning. C. Force the company to hire more teachers. D. Make teachers teach with games. 60. What is the best title for this passage? A. The Education Arcade. C. Games-to-Teach Project. B. The Conference of Games. D. Games for Learning.

第二节:阅读下列材料,从所给的A、B、C、D、E和F中六个选项中选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该选项括号涂黑。选项中一项是多余选项。 The people below are applying for teaching positions. After the self introduction of these people, there is information about six schools or educational organizations A-F, which are now recruiting for 2010. Decide which one of them would be most suitable for the person mentioned in questions 61-65. There is one paragraph you do not need
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to use. _______ 61. I am 28 years of age. I am a holder of Bachelor’s(学士) of degree in Commerce and have 2 years previous experience teaching Business using interactive approach to various Staff and Executive members of companies in the United States. Available as of April 2010. _______ 62. I am an American female university student planning to practice teaching children overseas this summer vacation. I have participated in TESL training programs in the United States and I am good at organizing special events such as holiday parties and summer camps. _______ 63. I am a 40-year old Canadian looking for an ESL position. I am Bachelor of Education for Early Childhood and have 12 years’ experience working with children. I am also a holder of International driver's license. I wish to sign a 6-month contract starting in June. _______ 64. I major in English and will soon finish my Bachelor’s degree this July in Manchester University and I would like to work overseas for half a year. I can teach conversational classes for all levels and ages. I prefer to work somewhere in Asia with easy access to the big city. _______65. My wife and I have been in China for the last couple of terms in a university school and we are eager to continue teaching English here for a longer time. The school board intended to rehire us again for the next school year and reassign us to teach young learners. We declined the offer since we are more interested in teaching adults. Both of us hold TEFL Certificates. We are ready to start teaching anytime from this February. A. Active English School in Nagano, Japan is looking for an energetic and professional ESL teacher to begin working in the beginning of August. Students in our school range from 4 to 73 years of age. Nagano is a quiet city about 20 minutes from Matsumoto and 2 hours from Tokyo by train. Bachelor's degree required. B. We are always looking for qualified professional teachers. Teaching jobs are located all over the UK. The academic year in the UK runs from September through to July. Candidates for UK teaching jobs must have a university degree, a recognized
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secondary school (11-18) teaching qualification either in the UK or in your home country. Teaching contracts are for 1 - 2 years full time. C. English teachers required for a training program designed for management staff in China. One-year contract minimum. Experience preferred. Starting from any time before February 21st. Those in English major or with TEFL certificates will be given preferential consideration. Couples are better. D. Our school is Mexico's top language institution. We are offering Business English classes to the one who works for Mexico's most important companies. If you are a qualified teacher, we'd consider you to fill the opening we have. Experience preferred. The selected applicant must be available for training 10 days prior to May 20th. E. We are currently looking for a full-time kindergarten teacher to start teaching in June. We are looking for real professionals coming here to make a difference in the life of their students, not just some young person with no experience coming to hang out in China. As a teacher at our school he or she will have to split their mornings and afternoons between two campuses, thus a car will be offered for convenience. F. We need teachers in the coming summer program. We offer 2-month contract only. Our maximum class size is 20. We are looking for native English speakers with TESL certificates. Applicants should be interested in teaching children. 41—44 BCAB 53—56 DACC 45—48 CBAD 57—60 AABD 49—52 CDAD 61—65 DFEAC

79.浙江余姚中学高三第一次质量检测考试英语试卷 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上 将该项标号涂黑。

A
Argentina's Lionel Messi has won the Golden Ball awarded to the European Footballer of the Year, becoming the sixth Barcelona player to take the award and the first since Brazilian Ronaldinho in 2005.

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Messi beat last year's winner Cristiano Ronaldo into second place while Barcelona midfielder Xavi Hernandez finished third in the poll results released by France Football magazine early Tuesday. Praised by Argentina great Diego Maradona as his successor, Messi won an unprecedented treble 三重) in Spain last season with Barcelona as the Catalan side swept the Champions League, ( the Spanish title and the Copa del Rey. The 22-year-old Messi, the first Argentine to win the world-famous award, was the top scorer in last year's Champions League with nine goals, including his superb header(足球中的头球) in the 2-0 victory over Manchester United in the final. Messi, who scored 473 of a possible 480 points, largely controlled the voting and won with a record-margin of 240 points. Real Madrid winger Ronaldo had 233 and Xavi had 170. "Honestly, I knew that I was among the favorites because Barcelona had a fruitful year in 2009," Messi was quoted as saying by the magazine. "But I didn't expect to win with such a margin. The Golden Ball is very important to me. All the players who won it were great players, and some great players never won it." Barcelona had three players in the Top 5 with Andres Iniesta taking fourth ahead of former Barca player Samuel Eto'o. In an outstanding season, Messi netted(把…踢进网) 38 goals in 51 games in all competitions, often leaving defenders in his wake(在…之后) with a combination of speed, extraordinary abilities and his effective left-footed strike. Messi, who led Argentina to next year's World Cup in South Africa, recently signed a new contract with Barcelona through 2016. Messi had a good start to this season - already scoring nine goals - and put on a great display to help his club defeat archrival Real Madrid 1-0 last Sunday. "It won't be easy to confirm after a year like the one we just went through," Messi said. "I hope the next one will reach the same standards. But to win the Golden Ball two years in a row is not an easy thing." (Read by Guanny Liu. Guanny Liu is a multimedia journalist at the China Daily Web site.) 41. Which of the following is the suitable title? A. Messi beats C. Ronaldo to win the European Footballer of the Year
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B. Ronaldinho beats Messi to win the European Footballer of the Year C. Messi beats Xavi to win the European Footballer of the Year D. Ronaldinho beats Xavi to win the European Footballer of the Year 42. Messi has some advantages over others EXCEPT _________. A. a rapid speed C. outstanding abilities B. a new contract with Barcelona D. his effective left-footed strike

43. By saying “But I didn't expect to win with such a margin.”, Messi means _____. A. he didn’t think he won unexpectedly B. he didn’t want to win at all

C. he didn’t expect he won extraordinarily D. he couldn’t wait to win 44. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Xavi Hernandez finished second in the poll. B. Messi treated Maradona as his successor. C. The 22-year-old Messi was the first European Footballer. D. Messi said Barcelona had a fruitful year in 2009. B Thanks to the Web, We’re Alone Together and Loving it There's a professor, Barry Wellman, at the University of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to describe the way a lot of us North Americans interact these days. And now a big research study confirms it. Barry Wellman's term is "networked individualism." It's not the easiest concept to grasp. In fact, the words seem to contradict each other. How can we be individualistic and networked at the same time? You need other people for networks. Here's what he means. Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time. But the latest study by the Pew Internet and American Life Project confirms that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange. A lot of folks Pew talked with say that's a good thing, because of concerns that the Internet was turning us into hermits who shut out other people in favor of a make-believe world on flickering computer screens.
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To the contrary, the Pew study discovered the Internet has put us in touch with more real people than we'd have ever imagined. Helpful people, too. We're turning to an ever-growing list of cyber friends for advice on careers, medical crises, child-rearing, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told the Pew that the Internet plays an important or crucial role in helping them deal with major life decisions. So we networked individuals are pretty tricky: We're keeping more to ourselves, while at the same time reaching out to more people, all with just the click of a computer mouse! 45. The Pew study was conducted in _____. A. The United States C. The U.S. and Canada B. Canada D. Europe

46. Which of the following has happened since the invention of the Internet and email? A. People are talking on the phone more than ever. B. Interaction through the computer has replaced a lot of person to person interaction. C. Americans are turning into hermits. D. Sixty million Americans have bought computers. 47. Which of the following was NOT one of the discoveries of the Pew study? A. The Internet has put us in touch with more people than expected. B. People use the Internet to get advice on careers, medical problems, and other questions. C. For many Americans, the Internet plays an important role in helping them make important decisions. D. “Internet addiction” is a growing problem among people who use computers. 48. What does the bolded words “reach out” in the last paragraph mean? A. Connect with. B. Play a trick. C. Make a decision. D. Stay alone.

C The devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina is a wake-up call. It is a call for every American to pay attention to the destruction we risk by allowing human-induced(导致的) climate change to continue. It is impossible to prove that Hurricane Katrina was caused by global warming, or even that human activities made the storm more severe. However, a paper published in the scholarly journal Nature reports that the force of dangerous hurricanes has increased by 50% during the last
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50 years. It also reports that a global warming-induced rise in temperature near the ocean’s surface has probably contributed to this increase in dangerous storms, and thus to property(财产) damage and human death. On August 30, the Los Angeles Times summed up(总结) the view of many scientists who agree that if the frequency of hurricanes does not decrease in the next few years, then we will be fairly certain that humans, and not natural storm cycle, are at the root of the problem. I believe there is at least a chance that by reducing U.S. reliance on fossil fuels for energy, we can prevent future tragedies like Hurricane Katrina. Let the change begin now. There are many ways to reduce the volume of greenhouse gas emissions. My family drives the most fuel-efficient car we can afford, but I prefer to take public transportation whenever possible. My family buys locally grown food instead of produce that was transported thousands of miles on fuel-burning vehicles. We also replaced our incandescent light bulbs(白炽灯泡)with more energy-efficient compact fluorescents 荧光灯) This might sound like a trivial move, but the Union ( . of Concerned Scientists reports that if every household in the United States replaced one incandescent bulb with a compact fluorescent, it would have the same effect on U.S. carbon-dioxide emissions as removing 7.5 million cars from the roads. Now think if every household replaced not just one but all of their incandescent bulbs! The United States, with just five percent of the world’s population, is responsible for close to one quarter of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, yet our country is doing far less than most European nations to fight global warming. We don’t have to sacrifice our lifestyles; Europeans enjoy the same standards of living as Americans. So what are we waiting for? It is time to act. 49. Which of the following is a fact? A. Hurricane Katrina was caused by global warming. B. Human activities made the storm more severe. C. The force of dangerous hurricanes has increased by 50 percent during the last 50 years. D. A global rise in temperature near the ocean’s surface accounts for more dangerous storms. 50. From Paragraph 2 we can infer that many scientists agree ________. A. it might be human activities that lead to global warming. B. natural storm cycles have caused global warming. C. hurricanes are likely to come more frequently.
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D. burning fossil fuels for energy is a better alternative. 51. If every household in the U.S. replaced all their incandescent bulbs, ________. A. it would have the same effect as removing 7.5 million cars from the roads. B. it would save 7.5 million tons of carbon-dioxide from going into the air. C. this would reduce the total output of CO?emissions in huge amounts. D. cars will be much more environmentally friendly. 52. According to the writer,_______in reducing the volume of greenhouse gas emissions. A. Europe does a better job. B. Europe should follow the example of America.

C. he, as an European, wants to see more efforts made by Americans. D. Europeans should shoulder a greater responsibility. D So long as teachers fail to distinguish between teaching and learning, they will continue to undertake to do for children that which only children can do for themselves. Teaching children to read is not passing reading on do them. It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading. Douglas insists that “reading cannot be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible”. Teaching and learning are two entirely different processes. They differ in kind and function. The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. Teaching is also a public activity: It can be seen and observed。 Learning to read involves all that each individual does to make sense of the world of printed language. Almost all of it is private, for learning is an occupation of the mind, and that process is not open to public scrutiny. If teacher and learner roles are not interchangeable, what then can be done through teaching that will aid the child in the quest(探索) for knowledge?Smith has one principal rule for all teaching instructions. “Make learning to read easy, which means making reading a meaningful, enjoyable and frequent experience for children.” When the roles of teacher and learner are seen for what they are, and when both teacher and learner fulfill them appropriately, then much of the pressure and feeling of failure for both is

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eliminated. Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading. 53. The problem with the reading course as mentioned in the first paragraph is that ______. A. it is one of the most difficult school courses B. students spend endless hours in reading C. reading tasks are assigned with little guidance D. too much time is spent in teaching about reading 54. The teaching of reading will be successful if ______. A. teachers can improve conditions at school for the students B. teachers can enable students to develop their own way of reading C. teachers can devise the most efficient system for reading D. teachers can make their teaching activities observable 55. The underlined word “scrutiny” most probably means “______”. A. inquiry B. observation C. control D. suspicion

56. According to the passage, learning to read will no longer be a difficult task when ______. A. children become highly motivated B. teacher and learner roles are interchangeable C. teaching helps children in the search for knowledge D. reading enriches children’s experience E Flexible working hours, homeworking opportunities and cover for emergencies or school holidays are the top concerns for working mothers, according to a British survey on Thursday. The survey of 1,677 people by specialist employment advice website workingmums.co.uk showed that despite a tougher job climate, in which redundancies(裁员) had risen dramatically during the crisis, mothers demanded for a more flexible schedule. Flexible hours for full-time jobs came top of the list for 85 percent of respondents who were asked what they thought made for a family-friendly employer. That came just ahead of homeworking opportunities. “Flexibility is really key and able to help achieve an element of work/life balance,” workingmums.co.uk founder Gillian Nissim told reporters.
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She said the crisis had not reduced the urgency of this issue for working mums and that employers who want to be prepared for the eventual upturn would do well to listen to them rather than risk losing them to more forward-thinking rivals. Many women said they had considered setting up their own business as a way around the flexibility problem and nearly half (45 percent) of respondents said they had looked into it. Nissim said the workingmums.co.uk database alone showed that on average working mums have more than 15 years of work experience and a range of valuable skills picked up in the workplace and from their parenting experiences. “So the benefits to employers of being able to accommodate (适应) a degree of flexibility is significant,” she said. Part-time work, flexibility around emergency cover or school holidays were the next highest concerns with extended maternity (产假) pay as well on the list of concerns.More than half (54 percent) of respondents said they would accept a less well-paid job in return for flexibility, with 40 percent prepared to consider this option. 57. The passage mainly discuss the problem of _______. A. working mothers requiring flexible working hours. B. working mothers planning to set up their own businesses. C. well-paid jobs. D. unemployment at the time of financial crisis. 58. Flexibility of working hours can help women _______. A. to have an extended maternity. B. to have opportunities to operate their own companies. C. to strike a balance between work and life. D. to pick up a range of valuable skills. 59. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that _____. A. 40 percent of the respondents are ready to have less-paid jobs instead of full-time jobs. B. more than half of the respondents would accept a less well-paid job if they were given a job of flexible hours. C. the highest concern of working mums is about part-time work. D. women were more concerned about extended maternity pay than school holidays.
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60. If you are the editor of a newspaper, which column will you fit this article in? A. Advertisements. B. People. C. Education. D. Career.

41-44 ABCD 45-48 ABDA 49-52 CACA 53-56 DBBA 57-60 ACBD 80. 重庆八中 2010—2011 学年度上学期高三第一次月考 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A My teenage son Karl became withdrawn after his father died.As a single parent, I tried to do my best to talk to him.But the more I tried, the more he pulled away.When his report card arrived during his junior year, it said that he had been absent 95 times from classes and had six falling grades for the year.At this rate he would never graduate.I sent him to the school adviser, and I even begged him.Nothing worked. One night I felt so powerless that I got down on my knees and pleaded for help. “Please God, I can’t do anything more for my son. I’m at the end of my rope. I’m giving the whole thing up to you.” I was at work when I got a phone call. man introduced himself as the headmaster. A “I want to talk to you about Karl’s absences.” Before he could say another word, I choked up and all my disappointment and sadness over Karl came pouring out into the ears of this stranger.“I love my son but I just don’t know what to do.I’ve tried everything to get Karl to go back to school and nothing has worked.It’s out of my hands.“For a moment there was silence on the other end of the line.The headmaster seriously said, “Thank you for your time”, and hung up. Karl’s next report card showed a marked improvement in his grades.Finally, he even made the honor roll .In his fourth year, I attended a parent-teacher meeting with Karl.I noticed that his teachers were astonished at the way he had turned himself around.On our way home, he said, “Mum, remember that call from the headmaster last year?” I nodded.“That was me.I thought I’d play a joke but when I heard what you said, it really hit me how much I was hurting you.That’s when I knew I had to make you proud.”
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56.By saying “Karl became withdrawn”, the author means that the boy changed entirely and ______. A.preferred to stay alone at home C.refused to talk to others mother 57.There was silence on the other end of the line because ______ . A.the speaker was too moved to say anything to the mother B.the speaker waited for the mother to finish speaking C.the speaker didn’t want the mother to recognize his voice D.the speaker was unable to interrupt the mother 58.The underlined sentence “?he even made the honor roll” means that “ ______ ”. A.he was even on the list to be praised at the parent-teacher meeting B.he was even on the list of students who made progress in grades C.he was even on the list of students who turned themselves around D.he was even on the list of the best students at school 59.What is the main idea of this passage ? A.Children in single-parent families often have mental problems. B.Mother’s love plays an important role in teenagers’ life. C.Being understood by parents is very important to teenagers. D.School education doesn’t work without full support from parents. B Death Valley is one of the most famous deserts in the United States, covering a wide area with its alkali sand.Almost 20 percent of this area is well below sea level, and Badwater, a salt water pool, is about 280 feet below sea level and the lowest point in the United States. Long ago the Panamint Indians called this place “Tomesha”— the land of fire.Death Valley’s present name dates back to 1849, when a group of miners coming across from Nevada became lost in its unpleasantness and hugeness and their adventure turned out to be a sad story.Today Death Valley has been declared a National Monument and is crossed by several well-marked roads where good services can be found
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B.lost interest in any activity D.began to dislike his

easily.Luckily the change created by human settlement has hardly ruined the special beauty of this place. Here nature created a lot of surprising, almost like the sights on the moon, ever-changing as the frequent wind moves the sand about, showing the most unusual colors.One of the most astonishing and colorful parts of Death Valley is the Devil’s Golf Course, where it seems hard for one to tell reality from dreams.Sand sculptures stand on a frightening ground, as evening shadows move and lengthen. 60.The present name of the valley comes from _______. A.an Indian name C.the local people 61.From the passage we can learn that _______. A.no one had ever known the desert before the miners B.it’s still not easy to travel across the desert C.people can find gas-stations, cafes and hotels in the desert D.people have changed the natural sight of the desert 62.The Devil’s Golf Course is famous for _______. A.the terrible sights C.dream-like sights B.the moon-like sights D.the ever-changing sights B.the death of the miners D.a National Movement

63.From the passage we can see that the writer _______ the Death Valley. A.appreciates B.is fearful of C.dislikes D.is tired of

C 8:30 PM Outlook Outlook is back with a new series of reports to keep you up date with all that’s new in the world of entertainment.Stories go all the way from the technical to the romantic, from stage to screen.There will be reports of the stars of the moment, the stars of the future and the stars of the past.The director with his new film, the designer with the latest fashion, and the musician with the popular song are part of the new Outlook.The program is introduced by Fran Levine.
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9:00 PM Discovery When a 10-year-old boy gets a first class degree in mathematics or an 8-year-old plays chess like a future grand master, they are considered as geniuses.Where does the quality of genius come from? Is it all in the genes or can any child be turned into a genius? And if parents do have a child who might become a genius in the future, what should they do? In this 30-minute film, Barry Johnson, the professor at School of Medicine, New York University, will help you discover the answer. 10:00 PM Science / Health Is it possible to beat high blood pressure without drugs? The answer is “yes”, according to the researchers at Johns Hopkins and three other medical centers.After a study of 800 persons with high blood pressure, they found that after 6 months, those devoted to weight loss-exercise and eating a low-salt, low-fat food lost about 13 pounds and became fitter.Plus, 35% of them dropped into the normal category (范 畴) .This week, Dr.Alan Duckworth will tell you how these people reduce their blood pressure to a level similar to what’s achieved with Hypertension drugs. 64.The main purpose of writing these three texts is ______. A.to invite people to see films B.to invite people to topic discussions C.to attract more students to attend lectures D.to attract more people to watch TV programs 65.From Outlook, you can get a great deal of information about ______. A.story tellers B.famous stars

C.film companies

D.music fans

66.Who will be most probably interested in Discovery? A.Parents who want to send their children to a school of medicine. B.Children who are good at mathematics. C.Parents who want their child to become another Albert Einstein.
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D.Children who are interested in playing chess. 67.According to the third text, which of the following has almost the same effect as Hypertension drug? A.Exercise plus a healthy diet. B.Loss of thirteen pounds in weight. C.Six months of exercise without drugs. D.Low-salt and low-fat food. D Nobody Benefits NEW YORK—America has been experiencing the longest economic increase in its history.Incomes have risen, unemployment has fallen, and cities such as New York are bursting with new office buildings. But just a short walk from Manhattan's skyscrapers, George Brown sits on the side-walk, cooking a lunch of rice and bits of fish over a can of cooking fuel. Brown is homeless — one of the 2.3 million people in the US who end up on the street. During the day, Brown collects aluminium cans and sells them for five cents a piece.At night, he sleeps on the street.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m "I have been on the street about eight or nine years, something like that," said the 62-year-old former construction worker. Brown admits he's had problems with alcohol and has smoked cocaine.But he said he still wants a more stable housing arrangement.He could afford it just with the money he earns by collecting cans and small pieces of metal, if only truly low-income housing were available. However, he sees no hope of finding affordable housing in New York. With the strong economy and unemployment down, beautiful housing is being built to meet demand. A US report shows rents in New York city rose more than 27 percent between 1984 and 1999, from US $549 to US $700 a month. One of the side effects of the strong economy is that rents have been going up.
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The majority of people who experience homelessness really just need some affordable housing help. But few housing companies have been built for the poor.Many small apartments in the city now rent for US $1,500 a month or more. Brown, the homeless New Yorker, said he has a daughter who lives in the city but he rarely sees her.She is angry about his drinking and won't allow it in her house. Smiling, he said he also has seven grandchildren whom he'd like to see more often. "All I've got to do is clean up my act," he said. 68.What kind of life does George Brown lead? A.Homeless and dangerous. B.Homeless and childish. C.Homeless and miserable (痛苦的) . D.Homeless and sleepless. 69.From George Brown's life we can find that ______. A.old Americans lead a hard life B.old Americans want to live alone C.American cities are crowded with poor people w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m D.bad habits play a role in some poor people's Life 70.It can be inferred from this passage that ______. A.America is short of housing companies B.the poor can't benefit from the increasing economy C.poor people in America will become rich D.housing companies will build more houses for the poor 71.If this passage comes from a paper, on which page would it be? A.Society. B.Science. E It is quite reasonable to blame traffic jams, the cost of gas and the great speed of modern life, but manners on the road are becoming horrible.Everybody knows that the nicest men would become fierce tigers behind the wheel.It is all right to have a tiger in a cage, but to have one in the driver’s seat is another matter altogether.
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C.Economy.

D.Business.

Road politeness is not only good manners, but good sense too.It takes the most cool-headed drivers great patience to give up the desire to beat back when forced to face rude driving.On the other hand, a little politeness goes a long way towards reducing the possibility of quarrelling and fighting.A friendly nod or a wave of thanks in answer to an act of politeness helps to create an atmosphere of good will and calm so necessary in modern traffic condition.But such behaviors of politeness are by no means enough.Many drivers nowadays don’t even seem able to recognize politeness when they see it. However, misplaced politeness can also be dangerous.Typical examples are the driver who waves a child crossing the street at a wrong place into the path of oncoming cars that may be not able to stop in time.The same goes for encouraging old ladies to cross the road wherever and whenever they want to.It always amazes me that the highways are not covered with the dead bodies of these grannies. An experienced driver, whose manners are faultless, told me it would help if drivers learnt to correctly join in traffic stream without causing total blockages that give rise to unpleasant feelings.Unfortunately, modern drivers can’t even learn to drive.Years ago, experts warned us that the fast increase of the car ownership would demand more give-and-take from all road users.It is high time for all of us to take this message to heart. 72.According to the passage, troubles on the road are often caused by A.road conditions B.the speed of modern life C.the behavior of the drivers D.the large number of cars 73.In the writer’s opinion, . .

A.drivers should avoid traffic jams B.strict traffic rules are badly needed C.unskillful drivers should be punished D.drivers should show road politeness properly 74.The underlined word “give-and-take” in the passage means
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.

A.politeness and impoliteness B.good manners and bad manners C.offering help to others as much as possible D.willingness to give in to each other’s wishes 75.What is the best title of the passage? A.Road Politeness B.Traffic Problems C.Bad Manners on the Road D.Good Drivers and Bad Drivers 阅读:A): CADB B): BCCA C): DBCA D): CDBA E): CDDA 81. 重庆外国语学校高 三月 考英 语 试 卷 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A It is Saturday afternoon.You and your friends are planning to go to the movies and then spend the night together. Just as you start to get ready, your dad reminds you it is your aunt's birthday and the whole family is going out to dinner to celebrate.How can this possibly end without a huge argument? One of the greatest sources of tension(紧张情绪)between teenagers and their families is the struggle to balance personal desires with family expectations.As you are getting older,you are becoming more independent and more interested in being with your friends. However,at the same time,your family is trying to figure out how to deal with these changes. While you once spent most of your free time with your family,you are now often absent from home.Parents may get their feelings hurt.Or they might feel that they are losing control of their family during this period.You might feel
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angry that so many family demands are placed on you. There are a few things you can try to make it a little easier to ease(缓解)the tension. * Make your plans in advance.Ask your parents if there is anything else planned at that time. * When something with your friends interferes(干扰;冲突)with a family event, try to figure out if there is any way you can do both. * Suggest something you would really like to do with your family.Sometimes parents feel better just knowing their teenager wants to spend time with them. Some of the time you won’t be happy with the outcome(结果).You might either have to disappoint your parents or have to miss out being with your friends.However, if you show consideration(体谅)for the feelings of both your family and your friends, you can solve the problem in a tender way. 56.The purpose of the first paragraph is to _________. A.show a disagreement of views B.serve as a description of teenager trouble C.serve as an introduction to the discussion D.show the popularity of teenager problem 57 . The tension between teenagers and their families is caused by the fact that____________. A.teenagers don’t like to take family demands B.parents want to keep their family under control C.parents feel unhappy that their children make so many friends D.both parents and teenagers don’t pay attention to each other’s feeling much 58.Which of the following is NOT the advice given in the passage? A.Don’t feel angry if your parents ask you to do something. B.Try to think of ways to balance family event with friend event. C.Tell your parents before you decide to spend time with your friends. D.Advise your parents to do something that you are interested in with you. 59.What’s the purpose of the passage?
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A.To inform us of parent and teenager tension. B.To tell us about a common teenager problem. C.To persuade parents to show consideration for teenagers. D.To advise teenagers how to deal with their tension with their family.

B How do successful people think? What drives them? Interviews and investigations indicate that there are several keys to success that successful people share. First of all,successful people never blame someone or something outside of themselves for their failure to go ahead.They realize that their future lies in their own hands.They understand that they cannot control things in life,such as nature, the past and other people.But in the meantime,they are well aware that they can control their own thoughts and actions.They take responsibility for their life and regard this as one of the most empowering things they can do.Perhaps what most separate successful people from others is that they live life “on purpose”——they are doing what they believe they are put here to do.In their opinion,having a purpose in their life is the most important element that enables them to become fully functioning people.They hold that when they live their life on purpose,their main concern is to do the job right.They love what they do—and it shows.People want to do business with them because of their commitment(投身;献身).To live their life on purpose, successful people find a cause they believe in and create a business around it. Besides, they never easily give up.Once they have set up goals in their life,they are willing to do whatever it takes to achieve their goals.Rather than seeing it negative or depressing they use the knowledge to spur themselves on and go after what they want energetically and passionately. 60.Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A.How People Live Their Life on, Purpose B.How People Can Be Successful C.How People Can Do Their Own Things D.How People Do Business
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61.By living life “on purpose”,successful people can __________. A.do a lot of work B.concentrate on their jobs C.do business with many people D.do all of the above mentioned 62.The underlined word “it’’ in the second paragraph refers to __________. A.the main concern of successful people B.the job that successful people do C.the commitment with which successful people do their job D.the business that successful people do with other people 63.The underlined word “spur” in the last sentence most probably means“ A.encourage B.excite C.relieve D.force

C While it is impossible to live completely free of stress,it is possible to prevent stress as well as reduce its effect when it can’t be avoided.The US Department of Health and Human Services offers the following suggestions for ways to deal with stress. ◆Try physical activity When you are nervous,angry or upset,try releasing the pressure through exercise or physical activity.Running,walking,playing tennis,and working in your garden are just some of the activities you might try. ◆Take care of yourself You should make every effort to eat well and get enough rest.If you easily get angry and can’t sleep well enough,or if you’re not eating properly,it will be more likely that you will fall into stressful situations.If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping,you should consult a doctor. ◆Make time for yourself Schedule time for both work and entertainment.Don't forget,play can be just
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as important to your overall well-being as work.You need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun. window-shopping or work on a hobby. Go Allow yourself at least a half hour each day to do something you enjoy. ◆Make a list of things to do Stress can result from disorganization and a feeling that “there’s so much to do,and not enough time”.Trying to take care of everything at once can be too much for you and as a result, may not achieve anything. you Instead, make a list of everything you have to do, then do one thing at a time, checking off each task as it is completed. Set out to do the most important task first. 64.Which of the following statements shows that you have fallen into stressful situations? A.You can't sleep well all the time. B.You have a break after work. C.You always feel happy and relaxed. D.You only do one thing at a time. 65.According to the passage,how do you make a list of things to do? A.Try to take care of everything at once. B.Do one thing at a time. C.Only do the most important thing. D.Have a break from your work. 66.Why does the writer write this passage? A.To give opinion. B.To give suggestions. C.To make a request. D.To ask for advice. 67.What is the best title for the passage? A.How to Deal with Stress? B.How to Make Time for Yourself? C.How to Take Care of Yourself? D.How to Make a List of Things to Do?
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D Jan. 7, 2008 --- French President Nicolas Sarkozy would marry his girlfriend, former supermodel Carla Bruni on Feb. 8 or 9, media reported Monday. The report said that in December --- less than a month after Sarkozy met Bruni --he gave her a heart-shaped diamond engagement ring. Carla Bruni, Italian singer, former model and girlfriend of France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy, holds the hand of her son Aurelien while wearing a pink heart-shaped ring during a visit to the ancient Jordanian ruins of Petra Jan. 5, 2008. French newspapers reported that Sarkozy would marry her early in February. Sarkozy and his wife of 11 years, Cecilia, divorced in October. Their marital(婚 姻)problems became well known in May 2005 when she appeared in public at the side of event organizer Richard Attias. A marriage to Bruni, a one-time star of the catwalks who is now a singer, would be Sarkozy’s third: He divorced his first wife, Marie, in the late 80s --- after he had met and befriended Cecilia. Political analyst Dominique Moisi said that a Sarkozy proposal to Bruni could be part of his desire to head off any future arguments, and the speed of their visit to the ancient Jordanian ruins of Petra Jan. 5, 2008 would fit with his personality as a busy man in a hurry. “Apparently, he’s going to marry her, so the problem will be behind him,” Moisi said. “He will increase the opportunities to travel with her, and to say to the French, ‘You see, I must remarry? You need a first lady.’” Bruni, an Italian-born French citizen, has dated famous men including Mick Jagger and Donald Trump. She has also reportedly been linked to singer Eric Clapton and actor Vincent Perez. 68. What is the correct order of Sarkozy’s marital history? a. Long marriage to Cecilia b. Visiting ruins with Bruni c. Getting divorced from Marie
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d. Giving Bruni a diamond ring e. To marry the former supermodel A. c-a-b-d-e B. e-d-c-a-b C. c-a-d-b-e D. a-c-d-b-e

69. What did Moisi really intend to inform the readers? A. The president will spend more time staying with Bruni B. Sarkozy is good at balancing state and personal affairs C. It is not easy for President Sarkozy to seek a new love D. It is a doubt whether the marriage would have a bright future 70. The possible purpose of the last paragraph is to _________ A. provide some unknown stories about Bruni’s love affairs B. show uncertainty about the former supermodel’s loyalty C. imply that past experiences have little effect on a person D. prove Bruni one of the most popular and attractive females 71. Which would be the best title for the news? A. Bruni, France’s first lady B. A third marriage to fail C. France to have first lady D. President’s new girl friend

E A popular saying goes, “Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me.” However, that’s not really true. Words have the power to build us up or tear us down. It doesn’t matter if the words come from someone’s else or ourselves --- the positive and negative effects are just as lasting. We all talk to ourselves sometimes. We’re usually too embarrassed to admit it, though. In fact, we really shouldn’t be because more and more experts believe talking to ourselves out loud is a healthy habit. This “self-talk” helps us motivate ourselves, remember things, solve problems, and calm ourselves down. Be aware, though, that as much as 77% of self-talk tends to be negative. So in order to stay positive, we should only speak words of
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encouragement to ourselves. We should also be quick to give ourselves a pat on the back. The next time you finish a project, do well in a test, or finally clean your room, join me in saying “Good job!” Often, words come out of our mouths without us thinking about the effect they will have. But we should be aware that our words cause certain responses in others. For example, when returning an item to a store, we might use warm, friendly language during the exchange. And the clear will probably respond in a similar manner. Or harsh(刻 薄的)and critical language will most likely cause the clerk to be defensive. Words possess power because of their lasting effect. Many of us regret something we once said. And we remember unkind words said to us! Before speaking, we should always ask ourselves: Is it loving? Is it needed? If what we want to say doesn’t pass this test, then it’s better left unsaid. Words possess power: both positive and negative. Those around us receive encouragement when we speak positively. We can offer hope, build self-esteem(自 尊)and motivate others to do their best. Negative words destroy all those things. Will we use our words to hurt or to heal? The choice is ours. 72. The main idea of the first paragraph is that ________. A. not sticks and stones but words will hurt us B. inspiring words give us confidence C. negative words may let us down D. words have a lasting effect on us 73. There is no sense for us to feel embarrassed when we talk to ourselves because _______ A. almost everybody has the habit of talking to themselves B. we can benefit from talking to ourselves C. talking to ourselves always gives us courage D. it does no harm to have “self-talk” when we are alone 74. The underlined part in the third paragraph means that we should also timely _______ A. praise ourselves B. remind ourselves
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C. make ourselves relaxed D. give ourselves amusement 75. The author would probably hold the view that ___________ A. encouraging words are sure to lead to kind offers B. negative words may stimulate us to make more progress C. people tend to remember friendly words D. it is better to think twice before talking to others 阅读:56-59 CDAD 68-71 C D B C 60-63 BDCA 72-75 D B A D 64-67 ABBA

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